To understand the role of women’s property rights in mitigating the effects of HIV and violence, ICRW conducted research in South Africa and Uganda. They used qualitative research to explore linkages between women’s experience with land ownership, HIV, and domestic violence. This paper shares the findings from both studies, comparing similarities and difference between the two.
This report shares the top-line data of pregnant women and children living with HIV, along with the importance of understanding the underlying causes of infection. It also provides concrete steps and actions to close the gap by providing testing, prevention, treatment, and support to women and children vulnerable to or living with HIV.
In this brief, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria shares their 2014-2016 Gender Equality Action Plan and how they plan to promote gender equality through their programs. It details different partnerships and programs they plan on engaging in to promote the rights of women and girls as well as reduce their predisposition to HIV.This article can be accessed in the 'By Topic' Section of The Global Fund's Publication &…
Gender Equality and Key Populations: Results, Gaps, and Lessons from the Implementation of Strategies and Action Plans
This report presents the key findings of a Rapid Review conducted by the Global Fund on the main strategies and action plans on gender equality and key populations. The Global Fund’s Strategy 2017-2022 are aligned with these recommendations to ensure their policies and procedures support programs that address gender inequalities.This article can be accessed in the 'Community, Rights, and Gender' section of The Global Fund's Publications &…
This guide was developed to inform public health practitioners working in the Asia-Pacific region to reduce HIV vulnerabilities, empower women, and address the gender-based injustices which fuel the spread of HIV. It uses examples and region-specific evidence to provide suggestions for policy and programs. Topics such as prevention, education, violence against women, property rights, and vulnerable populations of women are covered in this guide.
UNFPA’s Advocacy Guide focuses on three effective responses to HIV prevention: improving access to sexual and reproductive health services, expanding socio-economic opportunities, and ending child marriage. Based on these goals, ten advocacy messages were developed and the report details the rationale behind them, global examples, and ways to address the issues politically and programmatically.
These fact sheets intertwine gender as part of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and provide gender-sensitive, topic-specific information on the core areas of HIV/AIDS. Some of these areas include Human Rights, Education, Global Commitments, Young People, Male Participation, Conflict Situations, Rural Development, and Monitoring and Evaluation.
Addressing Adolescent Girls' Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: Lessons from the Meri Life Meri Choice Project
The Meri Life, Meri Choice project was developed to reduce HIV vulnerabilities of rural adolescent girls and young women in India. This was done through providing socially disadvantaged, out-of-school girls with knowledge around sexual and reproductive health, increasing their utilization of sexual health services, creating a supportive environment to reduce vulnerabilities. The Population Council evaluated the acceptability, feasibility, and…
In Southern Africa, adolescent girls and young women (ages 15-24) make up a disproportionate number of new HIV infections compared to their male peers. In order to become AIDS-free, it is critical to prevent new infections in this key population. This study explores biological and social vulnerabilities young women face in relation to HIV, including engagement in transactional sex, limited education, and amplified effects of transmission. This…
Many adolescents and young women in Zambia are faced with economic and social barriers, lack of access to health care, and gender-based violence which increase their risk for unwanted pregnancy, HIV, and school drop outs. The AGEP curriculum was developed to teach girls to build strong support networks, increase knowledge around reproductive health, and develop their decision-making and negotiation skills. This low-resource manual provides…
The 2014 UNAIDS Report highlights the gender-based discrimination adolescent girls and young women face worldwide in relation to HIV. It uses population-level data to discuss issues of gender-based violence, lack of access to education and health services, and legal barriers which often lead to increased vulnerabilities of HIV infection.
This guidebook aims to inform health policy makers and program planners on how to establish PrEP as an effective prevention method for adolescent girls and young women. This includes addressing the delivery platforms, marketing, regulations, demand, and use of PreP for this population.
Building the Assets to Thrive: Addressing the HIV-related Vulnerabilities of Adolescent Girls in Ethiopia
Although the HIV epidemic in Ethiopia has declined tremendously, the most vulnerable populations of young people still affected are adolescent girls and young women, specifically, married girls living in urban slums. This report focuses on three programs in Ethiopia that engage girls and aim to reduce their risk of infection through mentorship, education, engagement of men, and links to health services.
This manual was designed by a resource group of young women leaders from nine countries, focusing on critical issues of HIV/AIDS, sexual health, self-esteem, violence against women, and more. The objective of this manual is to facilitate trainings and use engaging workshops to successfully teach young women ways to empower themselves and act on key issues that affect their livelihood and well-being. Training material on HIV and AIDS can be found…
Ensuring Education Benefits Girls to the Full: Synergies between Education, Gender Equality, HIV, and Sexual and Reproductive Health
This paper discusses the links between education, gender equality, HIV prevention, and sexual and reproductive health. It acknowledges that these connections are widely recognized and utilized in public health programming, but that there is also a need for more combined efforts to design programs to ensure these links better reinforce one another and work more effectively to create an enabling environment for girls to prosper.
Gender-focused HIV and Pregnancy Prevention for School-going Adolescents: The Mpondombili Pilot Intervention in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
In KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa the prevalence of HIV is disproportionately high for young women (ages 15-24). A 15-session classroom based program was developed by the Department of Education to teach adolescent boys and girls (ages 14-17) about HIV and pregnancy prevention using gender-transformative curriculum. This evaluation looks at changes in condom use, partner communication, gender beliefs, and efficacy to refuse unsafe sex pre and post…
This brief highlights why it is important for girls to stay in school, and how poor educational status is highly correlated with HIV infection. A range of interventions to address this issue are given, as well as key questions to consider when advocating for girls’ rights to education. This article can be accessed on-line here.
The purpose of this report is to guide policymakers, planners, implementers of HIV prevention programs to understand the risk of HIV for adolescent girls and young women, learn how to create and deliver effective responses, and address policy and structural changes in order to create ways to break unequal gender norms and make positive changes towards reducing the burden of HIV for adolescent girls and women.
A Combined Microfinance and Training Intervention Can Reduce HIV Risk Behaviour in Young Female Participants
Data from a cluster randomized trial was used to assess the effects of an intervention using group-based micro-financing along with gender and HIV training to reduce HIV risk behavior and Intimate Partner Violence. The evaluation, based in rural South Africa, comments on the ability of women to engage in more empowered HIV risk reducing practices after participating in the program.
Mobilising a Response to HIV, Gender, Youth and Gender-based Violence in South Africa: A Toolkit for Trainers and Programme Implementers
This extensive toolkit developed by EngenderHealth after conducting a needs assessment of program staff working in local and district levels in South Africa. The assessment revealed that levels of training varied among staff members and training opportunities were rare. There were large gaps in the knowledge around gender and youth in relation to HIV, which is why this training module was developed. There are 8 modules which provide training…