This journal article uses the It’s All One curriculum by Population Council as an example for how critical it is for programs to incorporate gender norms and human rights into their approach. Field experiences from the curriculum are shared and suggestions that an empowerment and human rights approach is most effective in teaching young people about sexual health and HIV prevention.
This report recognizes gender inequality as one of the principle drivers of HIV and critiques current responses as not adequately addressing eco-systemic factors that increase woman and girls’ vulnerabilities to HIV. It provides suggestions to secure women’s rights, invest more funds in HIV programs for women, and involve more women in government.
This report shares the findings from a multi-stage review of the access women have to anti-retroviral therapy (ART). This review is critical in understanding key barriers women face when accessing HIV treatment and ways to address them in order for women to receive the care they need.
This paper calls men and adolescent boys to action to advance gender equality and sexual and reproductive rights without practicing harmful gender norms. It also addressed the need to reach more men and boys for HIV prevention, testing and counseling, and care services.
The purpose of this guide is to highlight the key linkages between gender, human rights, and HIV/AIDS. It identifies four critical operational areas and how to reduce women and girls’ vulnerabilities to HIV/AIDS from each area. A checklist for each section is provided for programmers to assess if gender equality is embedded in each operational area.
In this review, the two main topics discussed are the impact of gender on the HIV/AIDS epidemic and how to integrate gender into HIV/AIDS programs and policies. In the first section, there are detailed descriptions of sociocultural factors that define femininity and masculinity, economic factors that subordinate women, and additional vulnerabilities adolescent girls and children face. The next section gives technical support on how to integrate…
Securing Women’s Land and Property Rights: A Critical Step to Address HIV, Violence, and Food Security
This report looks into the relationship between women’s property rights in the context of HIV/AIDS, violence against women, and food security. It discusses the unequal power relations that often occur in land ownership, as many cultures perpetuate gender inequality by not allowing women to own land as a mechanism to become autonomous. It discusses how these rights are protected by international standards and require enforcement.
This paper results from a meeting held by several organizations to explore more effective long-term responses to end AIDS, particularly from a gender-transformative and human rights-based approach. It provides frameworks and recommendations to encourage gender-equitable laws and practices such as decriminalizing HIV status and sex work, increasing investments in social capital, prioritizing structural approaches at a national level, and more.
Sexual and reproductive health services for HIV-positive women and adolescent girls are limited, often due to low priority of services and discrimination against people living with HIV. This manual illustrates links between HIV, sexual and reproductive health, and gender inequalities faced by HIV-positive women and their families.
In this report, research was conducted in Brazil, Ethiopia, and Ukraine with policy influencers, women and girls living with HIV, and male partners of women living with HIV to explore issues of sexual and reproductive health needs of individuals, family planning, maternal care, and more. Findings revealed that many challenges women and girls living with HIV are due to stigma and discrimination, limited access to information, and poor family and…
Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV: Guidance for Health Managers, Health Workers, and Activists
This report provides general recommendations to health workers and activists on how to create a fostering environment of women and girls living with HIV; how to strengthen the health system by making more comprehensive sexuality programs available; how to ensure meaningful participation of women and girls living with HIV in policy; and how to strengthen multi-sectoral activities that support women and girls’ autonomy.
This Forced Migration Review compilation focuses on the issue of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict settings. It provides appalling data on the magnitude of sexual violence occurring in various conflict areas, and the increased vulnerabilities women and girls face due to sexual violence. Although the connection between sexual violence, conflict, and HIV is made throughout the issue, there is an article entitled “Sexual Violence and…
This resource provides several diagrams explaining what the Global Fund’s Strategic Actions are and how they will be used to invest in adolescent girls and young women along with gender and age-related disparities found in HIV, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. This article can be accessed in the ‘Community, Rights, and Gender’ section of The Global Fund’s Publications & Reports page.
Tanzania Works: Advocacy Recommendations for Stronger Gender-Responsive Workplace HIV and AIDS Policies
This brief shares EngenderHealth’s learnings from the Champion Project, which looked at workplace HIV efforts in Tanzania and identified gaps. Gender-responsive workplace HIV policies are strongly recommended as a way to raise awareness, prevent infection, challenge gender norms, and provide workplace-based education around HIV.
The Case for Addressing Gender and Power in Sexuality and HIV Education: A Comprehensive Review of Evaluation Studies
Many curriculum-based responses to sexuality and HIV educations have been developed as a response to prevent HIV, STI’s, an unintended pregnancy among young people. Haberland evaluates 22 interventions to assess their success in relation to whether or not they incorporated gender and power dynamics within their curriculum.
Turning Gender and HIV Commitments into Action for Results: An Updated on the United Nations Interagency Activities on Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV
This brief is an update on the United Nations’ “Universal Access for Women and Now!” (UA NOW!) Initiative. UA Now! was developed to better understand key barriers and gaps in delivering access to care for women and girls. It involves participation of groups of women living with HIV, women’s groups, civil society organizations, government, academic institutions, and UN agencies. This brief captures what work went on under the UA Now! Initiative…
UNAIDS Cosponsor 2015: UN Women - United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women
This brief tells us about UN Women and how they collaborate with UNAIDS in order to ensure that there are policies and practices to reduce the vulnerability of women and girls to HIV and address unequal power relations between men and women.
This page provides an important overview of why adolescent girls and young women are at a much higher risk of HIV than men in many regions. It addresses issues from eco-systemic levels, such as violence, lack of access to health care and education, and lack of legal recognition. It also provides recent statistics and examples about women and HIV.
This report serves as a call for action to address gender inequality, poverty, and HIV/AIDS among women. It highlights the efforts of UNAIDS to create programs that mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS for women and girls worldwide. This report contains detailed responses on how to confront HIV in respect to prevention, treatment, education, women’s rights, and more.
The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) conducted research to understand efforts to promote women’ s property rights in response to HIV. This paper includes input from UNDP regarding pathways to ensure property rights for women as a measure of security towards the impact of HIV/AIDS.