HIV/AIDS requires a gender-specific response. This manual has been prepared in response to this need and aims to help trainers enhance their understanding about the gender dimensions of HIV/AIDS. This manual shows that neither AIDS nor gender disparities are unbeatable. It draws on more than a decade’s experience from the field, building on the lessons learned and analysing and synthesising them within the conceptual framework of gender and…
This publication provides a framework on women's rights, in the context of Africa. It goes on to conceptualize rights on equality between women and men, gender, intersectionality and multiple forms of discrimination, and more. The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) is positioned in the current context, including HIV in the Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights…
UNAIDS' report shows an urgent need to scale HIV prevention and treatment services for women and girls. It provides up-to-date statistics on the status of women and girls living with HIV, 18.6 million as of 2015. It highlights current global commitments for women and girls' health and development, including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 2016 United Nations General Assembly Political Declaration on Ending AIDS.
Is Violence Against Women Preventable?: Findings from the SASA! Study Summarized for General Audiences
The SASA! intervention used a comprehensive approach to address intimate partner violence and HIV prevention. This report shares its impacts by comparing two groups - communities that received SASA! programming and those that did not.
"Globally, women make up one third of people who abuse drugs but just one fifth of those who are in treatment," the report states. The 'Women and Drugs' chapter provides global data on the linkages between women who use drugs and HIV (page 4).
This executive summary provides organizations, institutions, and individuals existing guidance, new recommendations, and good practice to better address the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of women living with HIV (WLHIV). It is geared towards providing health care workers, programme managers, and public health policy makers recommendations to fulfill these rights and ensure WLHIV experience better care and more enabling…
This report illustrates key findings from a 'Global Values and Preferences Survey' regarding the sexual and reproductive health and human rights of women living with HIV (WLHIV). Topics discussed include: safety for WLHIV, human rights, accessing services, gender equality, protective laws, financial security, mental health, and more.
Friends may be an important influence for young women's risk of HIV infection as they serve as a medium to discuss norms about gender and sexuality and are a social network through which young women form sexual partnerships. In 2011, young women participating in a Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) trial in South Africa were asked about their friendships in detail. Results showed that friends' characteristics were linked to: a young woman's…
This article examines opportunities for women to engage with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. Suggestions are made for the community, national, and global levels. Insight and discussions are included from collaborations of various organizations including: AIDS Legal Network, ATHENA Network, Access Chapter 2 South Africa, International Community of Women Living with HIV East Africa (ICWEA), Uganda, and Coalition of Women…
Intimate Partner Violence Experienced by HIV-infected Pregnant Women in South Africa: A Cross-sectional Study
This article explores the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among HIV-infected pregnant women in South Africa. It found that 21% of women reported experiencing one or more type of IPV in the last twelve months, and 48% of them reported experiencing two or more types of violence. Reported IPV was higher among married women, and women who experienced IPV were more likely to score higher for substance use, depression, and psychological…
This editorial discusses new HIV prevention methods for women and how they have fared in clinical trials, including major challenges in prevention of HIV infection of women. Dr. Adimora stresses the importance of diverse HIV intervention methods that adopt to women in different life stages and their needs.
This article evaluates the safety and efficacy of a vaginal ring containing dapivirine for the prevention of HIV infection in nearly 2,000 women of reproductive age from South Africa and Uganda. The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and it found that the dapivirine ring was not associated with any safety concerns and was associated with a lower rate of HIV-1 infection than the placebo rate.
This policy brief explores the health of immigrant women in the United States living with HIV or vulnerable to acquiring HIV. It identifies research priorities and policy recommendations to better address immigrant women's needs and improve prevention and treatment efforts for them.
Transforming the National AIDS Response: Mainstreaming Gender Equality and Women's Human Rights into the "Three Ones"
This publication highlights approaches and examples to promote and protect gender equality as a key element in strategies to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS. The guide outlines a number of successful local, national, regional, and international initiatives that demonstrate how mainstreaming a gender equality perspective into HIV/AIDS programs and policies can yield positive results and transform the national AIDS response. It provides a number of…
How Are Gender Equality and Human Rights Interventions Included in Sexual and Reproductive Health Programmes and Policies: A Systematic Review of Existing Research Foci and Gaps
Many international and regional agreements have acknowledged the importance of promoting gender equality and human rights in Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Programmes. This review used over 56 articles to identify research gaps in addressing the larger priority of integrating gender equality and human rights approaches into SRH programmes and policies.
This tool, developed by WHO, is designed especially for monitoring and evaluation specialists working on HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) programs. It provides step-by-step guidance on how to ask questions about gender inequalities in relation to health; select gender-sensitive indicators; conduct gender analysis; and strengthen monitoring and evaluation systems for data collection that can be used for gender analysis.
A new, monthly vaginal ring developed by the International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) is the first long-acting vaginal ring to prevent HIV. This ring slowly release a anti-retroviral drug, dapivirine, over the course of one month to reduce the risk of HIV in Women. A video was created to describe the ring and IPM's plan to ensure women at high risk of HIV can have access to this product.
The Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) reports on the implementation of the new PEPFAR DREAMS Partnership, which aims to reduce the number of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa disproportionately affected by HIV. This report contains program insights from South Africa and Kenya, specifically around HIV prevention, civil society engagement, and addressing specific needs of AGYW.
A Cluster Randomized-Controlled Trial of a Community Mobilization Intervention to Change Gender Norms and Reduce HIV Risk in Rural South Africa: Study Design and Intervention
This paper describes the design and presents baseline survey findings of a randomized control trial. The trial was a community mobilization intervention in rural Mpumalanga, South Africa and aimed to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk.
This webpage explains how PEPFAR integrates gender equitable practices throughout all of their activities and partners with countries to do the same. They do so through influencing policy chance, raising awareness of harmful gender norms, supporting data collection, responding to gender-based violence, and partnering with other organizations committed to achieving equality.