This Operational Plan for the UNAIDS Action Framework was developed to respond to address gender inequalities that put women and girls at a greater risk of HIV. Recommendations on how to integrate the needs of women and girls are included in this document.
One aspect of reducing women’s vulnerability to HIV is to ensure their property and inheritance rights. This is often difficult as there are many preconceived social norms, which restrict women from owning land. In this paper, ICRW suggests ways in which women’s rights to property can be encouraged and secured.
This resource explains how gender-based disparities in HIV prevention and care should be addressed by gender-responsive policies and programs. It uses a socio-ecological approach to understand existing gender differences in HIV risk and how to create effective health care measures to prevent women from infection.
This paper uses research conducted in Burundi from 2007-08 to look at post-conflict effects from the civil war which began in the 1990’s. The analysis finds that the relationship between conflict and HIV is a function of existing gender norms that becomes amplified during periods of armed conflict.
This toolkit provides practical information on engaging men and boys to promote gender equality and health. It discusses sexual and reproductive health, maternal health, HIV prevention, violence prevention, and more. It provides examples of effective programs for men and boys as well as monitoring and evaluation guidance.
This pamphlet outlines steps for national-level stakeholders to expand action on gender equality to strengthen the AIDS response. It provides six, distinct recommendations on how to do so for various stakeholders such as National AIDS Authorities, Civil Society, Donor Communities, and the UN System.
The Global Fund’s commitment to addressing gender inequality in their HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria responses are highlighted in this 2-page brief.
The trends of HIV transmission in the Pacific Islands reveal that transmission is steadily continuing despite any responses, women are more likely to be infected at younger ages than men, and more of them are being infected than ever before. This report stresses that HIV programs in the Pacific Islands do not adequately incorporate gender relations and social structures fundamental to understanding and preventing transmission. This report…
This 2014-16 Action Plan to engage in Gender Equality Strategy focuses on high-impact, gender responsive investments to prevent new infections and treat existing ones. The plan includes their objective-wise, logical framework to ensure all activities of the Global Fund integrate gender equitable partnerships, policies, and practices.
This webpage provides a comprehensive understanding of how gender inequalities are linked to increased HIV vulnerabilities. It discusses many different aspects of inequality in relation to HIV, including violence, social norms, education, legislation, poverty and more. It also provides information on what global-level commitments exist to combat gender inequalities and reduce the disproportionate burden of HIV on women and girls.
The HIV epidemic disproportionately impacts young women due to socio-economic inequalities, violence, racism, sexism, and constraints on women’s agency. This article uses data from UNAIDS’ 2010 Global Report to understand the relationship between mode of HIV transmission and gender inequality. It also looked into relationships between HIV transmission and religion, democracy index, male circumcision rate, gross national income, and region.
Gender Matters: Overcoming Gender-Related Barriers to Prevent New HIV Infections Among Children and Keep their Mothers Alive
This report discusses the need for women, particularly pregnant women, and children living with HIV to be receive adequate medical care and for there to be increased HIV prevention services for women in high-burden countries. In this paper, there is a strong focus on gender barriers women face in preventing or treating HIV such as: stigma against women living with HIV, gender power relations, fear of violence and abandonment, cultural gender…
The Gender Responsive Budgeting Resource Pack provides knowledge to facilitate gender-responsive approaches into reproductive health and other national policies to support gender equality. There are briefs on various issues in this resource pack, including an introduction to gender responsive budgeting and how it links to key reproductive health and human rights issues. Under ‘Some Key Linkages,’ there is a section on HIV/AIDS and Reproductive…
This paper discusses the gender and sexual dimensions of two civil wars, in Liberia and Sierra Leone. It examines the linkages between conflict, violence against women, and risk of exposure to HIV. It uses gendered analysis to also look at post-conflict transitions in Africa.
The Global Fund is a financing institution which supports countries to incorporate gender dimensions of HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria into their strategic plans, policies, and programs. The Gender Equality Strategy report explores how the Global Fund can continue to support gender equality and strengthening of responses to women and girls. Specific areas that require immediate attention and inclusion into the Fund’s mandate are included. This…
Guidelines for Integrating HIV and Gender-Related Issues into Environmental Assessment in Eastern and Southern Africa
In Africa, sustainable growth occurs through infrastructure development while protecting the environment and health, particularly HIV risks for women and girls. This guideline provides key responsibilities of stakeholders in the environmental assessment process to integrate HIV and gender as a key issue in sustainable development of eastern and southern Africa.
The 2010 Forced Migration Review is a compilation of various topics addressing the linkages between HIV and conflict. Articles which look into the gendered aspects of HIV and conflict are: ‘Gendered Violence and HIV in Burundi’ (pg. 18), ‘Understanding Sexual Violence, HIV/AIDS, and Conflict’ (pg. 22), and ‘Addressing HIV and Sex Work’ (pg. 25).
Gender equality is one of the main drivers of new HIV infections worldwide. In order to half the epidemic, it is necessary to address unequal power dynamics between men and women, which often increases risks of HIV. This report talks about how men can work towards gender equality by making positive behavioral changes towards communication, peer influence, gender attitudes, and more.
This toolkit is designed to inform HIV prevention programs for women and adolescent girls in the United States. It mainstreams gender as a component throughout the toolkit, and focuses on promoting greater understandings of how gender norms, roles, and inequalities affect HIV risk-related behaviors. It promotes safer sex and accessing prevention and care services. Link
Implementing Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS Interventions: A Compendium of Programs in Africa
This report brings together many expert organizations in the fields of gender and HIV to explain how gender roles strongly influence the spread of HIV and how important it is to use multi-level approaches to create effective programs. To give examples of existing programs that do so, a collation of 31 HIV programs were described, all having gender strategic features to address harmful practices against women and girls.