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Joint United Nations Statement on Ending Discrimination in Health Care Settings

The Joint Statement on Ending Discrimination in Health Care Settings, signed by twelve United Nations entities, urges stakeholders to take a targeted approach to end discriminatory laws and policies, empower health workers and users of health services, support the accountability and compliance of non-discrimination and implement the United Nations...


Gender and HIV/AIDS: Overview Report

This Overview Report analyses why and how HIV/AIDS is now disproportionately affecting women. It explores new gender-sensitive approaches to fighting HIV/AIDS and suggests that in order to be effective, it is necessary to deal with the inequalities that both drive and are entrenched by the epidemic. It specifically addresses stigma and the need to...


Gender-Related Barriers to Services for Preventing New HIV Infections Among Children and Keeping Their Mothers Alive and Healthy in High-Burden Countries

The rapid assessment elicited basic gender and cultural perceptions and beliefs related to HIV, to people living with HIV in general and to women, in particular that posed barriers to the uptake of and adherence to HIV services.


Piecing it Together for Women and Girls: The Gender Dimensions of HIV-related Stigma

This publication provides evidence on the gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma and how this stigma affects women differently than man in Ethiopia, Dominican Republic and Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, over half of women have experienced stigma from a friend or neighbour: 87 per cent have decided not to get married as a result of thier HIV status;...


Discrimination against Women Living with HIV in the Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is in the middle of a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic, which is spreading faster among women than men. In this context, many women face human rights violations on at least two major fronts: in the workplace and when they use government prenatal or other health care services. Women are at increased risk of HIV infection and there is...


Disentangling HIV and AIDS Stigma in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia

The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), in partnership with organizations in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Zambia, led a study of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in these three countries. This project, conducted from April 2001 to September 2003, unraveled the complexities around stigma by investigating the causes,...


India: HIV and AIDS-related Discrimination, Stigmatization, and Denial

This report describes a research project conducted in India which emphasizes forms and determinants of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatization, and denial. It offers an account of how DSD operates, and what causes it, in a range of contexts in two contrasting regions. The report provides a discussion of the gendered nature of HIV-related...


Uganda: HIV and AIDS-related Discrimination, Stigmatization and Denial

This report describes research conducted on issues of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatization, and denial in central and western Uganda in 1997-98. The report describes the aims, methods, and findings of the research, with a particular emphasis on the forms and determinants of DSD and the responses to it. The research moves beyond previous...


Understanding HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination in Vietnam

The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and the Center for Social Development Studies (CSDS), Hanoi, are investigating the causes, manifestations, and consequences of HIV-related stigma and discrimination at the community level in Vietnam. This research explores the community context in which HIV-related stigma occurs and the extent...


World AIDS Campaign 2002-2003: HIV/AIDS Stigma and Discrimination

The World AIDS Campaign for the years 2002-2003 will focus on stigma and discrimination. The main objective of the campaign is to prevent, reduce and ultimately eliminate HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination, wherever it occurs and in all its forms. The aim of this conceptual framework is to: create a common understanding of HIV/AIDS-related...