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Exploring Factors Associated with ART Adherence and Retention in Care under Option B+ Strategy in Malawi: A Qualitative Study

This qualitative study examines women's experiences with antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in Option B+ care among 39 pregnant and lactating women in Bwaila Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi. One of the most important factors influencing adherence and retention was the strength of women’s support systems.


Joint United Nations Statement on Ending Discrimination in Health Care Settings

The Joint Statement on Ending Discrimination in Health Care Settings, signed by twelve United Nations entities, urges stakeholders to take a targeted approach to end discriminatory laws and policies, empower health workers and users of health services, support the accountability and compliance of non-discrimination and implement the United Nations...


Global Accelerated Action for the Health of Adolescents (AA-HA!): Guidance to Support Country Implementation

Adolescents are one sixth of the world's population and account for 6% of the world's global burden of disease and injury. Over 3,000 adolescents die every day from largely preventable causes. In 2015, the top causes of adolescent girls' included HIV/AIDS and maternal conditions. This guidance assists governments to support country implementation...


Hope, Progress and the Power of Prevention

The International Partnership for Microbicides' 2016 Annual Report highlights the dapivirine ring and other milestones to add new tools to women's HIV prevention options.


HIV Risk and Barriers to Care for African-born Immigrant Women

The primary objective of this study was to gain an insight into the strategies that will limit the spread of HIV infection and enhance HIV care among African-born immigrants....


The Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Very Young Adolescents Aged 10–14 in Developing Countries: What Does the Evidence Show?

This report draws on analyses of national survey data and literature review results to provide an overview of the evidence on key aspects of sexual and reproductive health among very young adolescents aged 10–14 living in developing regions. Analyses showed that while most young adolescents report never having experienced sexual intercourse, some...


Exploring the Experiences of Women and Health Care Workers in the Context of PMTCT Option B Plus in Malawi

Malawi has undertaken a "test-and-treat" approach to prevent mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV, known as Option B+. This approach offers all pregnant and breastfeeding women with HIV lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of CD4 count or clinical stage. A cross-sectional, qualitative study explored experiences surrounding Option...


Knowing is Not Enough: Migrant Workers’ Spouses Vulnerability to HIV

A cross-sectional survey among migrants' wives in two rural villages of Chitwan district, Nepal aimed to measure knowledge and attitudes around HIV and STIs and to understand women's risk perception of HIV due to their husbands' sexual behavior. Results found that nearly all (94%) of women had a good knowledge of HIV, yet, nearly half the women...


Integration of Family Planning Services into HIV Care Clinics: Results 1 Year after a Cluster RCT in Kenya

This study aimed to determine if integrated family planning and HIV services led to an increased use of more effective contraception and decreased pregnancy rates. Results found that use of effective contraception increased and incidence of pregnancy decreased in study sites with integrated services, as compared to the control sites.


Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and HIV Programming Among Young People Most Affected by HIV: Lessons From the Link Up Project in Five Countries

An unmet need for sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and HIV services is substantial in developing countries, particularly among older adolescent girls and young women. This editorial describes the key lessons from the Link Up project, aimed to improve the SRHR of young people most affected by HIV in five countries of Africa (Burundi,...


ICWEA Engagement in the Global Fund Processes Under the New Funding Model (NFM) of Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM): The Case of Uganda and Kenya

This toolkit was developed based on the experiences of women living with HIV engaged in the processes of New Funding Model for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) at community, national, regional and global levels. It contains experiences of women living with HIV through In-Country Dialogues, Performance Reviews of the...


#WhatWomenWant: A Transformative Framework for Women, Girls and Gender Equality in the Context of HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

This report brings attention to achieving gender equality in the context of women, girls, and the HIV response. This six-month consultation in 2016 with adolescent women and young girls found that #WhatWomenWant is: collaboration and joint action by all to invest in women's HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR), to be leaders and...


Women's Experiences of Ageing with HIV in the UK: A Feminist, Participatory and Assets-Based Exploration

This doctoral research project explores the experiences of women growing older with HIV in London, United Kingdom. It has a specific focus on women and the gendered experiences of ageing with HIV, in terms of community, social support, and health care needs. The research uses a feminist methodology along with participatory and narrative methods.


How Did SASA! Reduce Violence Against Women?

This study aimed to better understand how couples involvement with SASA!, a violence against women and HIV-related community mobilisation intervention, influenced processes of change in relationships. Qualitative data were collected from each partner in separate interviews. Findings suggested that SASA! engagement contributed to degrees of change...


When Women Lead, Change Happens: Women Advancing the End of AIDS

UNAIDS' report shows an urgent need to scale HIV prevention and treatment services for women and girls. It provides up-to-date statistics on the status of women and girls living with HIV, 18.6 million as of 2015. It highlights current global commitments for women and girls' health and development, including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)...


Women's Rights in Africa

This publication provides a framework on women's rights, in the context of Africa. It goes on to conceptualize rights on equality between women and men, gender, intersectionality and multiple forms of discrimination, and more. The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) is...


Consolidated Guideline on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of Women living with HIV

This executive summary provides organizations, institutions, and individuals existing guidance, new recommendations, and good practice to better address the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of women living with HIV (WLHIV). It is geared towards providing health care workers, programme managers, and public health policy makers...


Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2016

"Globally, women make up one third of people who abuse drugs but just one fifth of those who are in treatment," the report states. The 'Women and Drugs' chapter provides global data on the linkages between women who use drugs and HIV (page 4).


Is Violence Against Women Preventable?: Findings from the SASA! Study Summarized for General Audiences

The SASA! intervention used a comprehensive approach to address intimate partner violence and HIV prevention. This report shares its impacts by comparing two groups - communities that received SASA! programming and those that did not.


Building a Safe House on Firm Ground

This report illustrates key findings from a 'Global Values and Preferences Survey' regarding the sexual and reproductive health and human rights of women living with HIV (WLHIV). Topics discussed include: safety for WLHIV, human rights, accessing services, gender equality, protective laws, financial security, mental health, and more.