Search

Found 521

Friendship Networks and HIV Risk Among Young Women in South Africa

Friends may be an important influence for young women's risk of HIV infection as they serve as a medium to discuss norms about gender and sexuality and are a social network through which young women form sexual partnerships. In 2011, young women participating in a Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) trial in South Africa were asked about their...


Building a Safe House on Firm Ground

This report illustrates key findings from a 'Global Values and Preferences Survey' regarding the sexual and reproductive health and human rights of women living with HIV (WLHIV). Topics discussed include: safety for WLHIV, human rights, accessing services, gender equality, protective laws, financial security, mental health, and more.


Gender, Rights, and Diversity: Making the Global Fund Work for Women

This article examines opportunities for women to engage with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. Suggestions are made for the community, national, and global levels. Insight and discussions are included from collaborations of various organizations including: AIDS Legal Network, ATHENA Network, Access Chapter 2 South Africa,...


Preventing HIV among Women — A Step Forward, but Much Farther to Go

This editorial discusses new HIV prevention methods for women and how they have fared in clinical trials, including major challenges in prevention of HIV infection of women. Dr. Adimora stresses the importance of diverse HIV intervention methods that adopt to women in different life stages and their needs.


Safety and Efficacy of a Dapivirine Vaginal Ring for HIV Prevention in Women

This article evaluates the safety and efficacy of a vaginal ring containing dapivirine for the prevention of HIV infection in nearly 2,000 women of reproductive age from South Africa and Uganda. The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and it found that the dapivirine ring was not associated with any safety concerns and...


Intimate Partner Violence Experienced by HIV-infected Pregnant Women in South Africa: A Cross-sectional Study

This article explores the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among HIV-infected pregnant women in South Africa. It found that 21% of women reported experiencing one or more type of IPV in the last twelve months, and 48% of them reported experiencing two or more types of violence. Reported IPV was higher among married women, and women who...


The Promise of the Ring for Women's HIV Prevention

A new, monthly vaginal ring developed by the International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) is the first long-acting vaginal ring to prevent HIV. This ring slowly release a anti-retroviral drug, dapivirine, over the course of one month to reduce the risk of HIV in Women. A video was created to describe the ring and IPM's plan to ensure women at...


Immigrant Women & HIV: Briefing Paper

This policy brief explores the health of immigrant women in the United States living with HIV or vulnerable to acquiring HIV. It identifies research priorities and policy recommendations to better address immigrant women's needs and improve prevention and treatment efforts for them.


How Are Gender Equality and Human Rights Interventions Included in Sexual and Reproductive Health Programmes and Policies: A Systematic Review of Existing Research Foci and Gaps

Many international and regional agreements have acknowledged the importance of promoting gender equality and human rights in Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Programmes. This review used over 56 articles to identify research gaps in addressing the larger priority of integrating gender equality and human rights approaches into SRH programmes and...


A Tool for Strengthening Gender-sensitive National HIV and SRH Monitoring and Evaluation Systems

This tool, developed by WHO, is designed especially for monitoring and evaluation specialists working on HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) programs. It provides step-by-step guidance on how to ask questions about gender inequalities in relation to health; select gender-sensitive indicators; conduct gender analysis; and strengthen...


HIV Prevention among Adolescent Girls and Young Women

The purpose of this report is to guide policymakers, planners, implementers of HIV prevention programs to understand the risk of HIV for adolescent girls and young women, learn how to create and deliver effective responses, and address policy and structural changes in order to create ways to break unequal gender norms and make positive changes...


Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP): Health and Life Skills Curriculum

Many adolescents and young women in Zambia are faced with economic and social barriers, lack of access to health care, and gender-based violence which increase their risk for unwanted pregnancy, HIV, and school drop outs. The AGEP curriculum was developed to teach girls to build strong support networks, increase knowledge around reproductive health...


The US DREAMS Partnership Breaking Barriers to HIV Prevention

The Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) reports on the implementation of the new PEPFAR DREAMS Partnership, which aims to reduce the number of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa disproportionately affected by HIV. This report contains program insights from South Africa and Kenya, specifically around HIV...


Key Barriers to Women's Access to HIV Treatment: Making 'Fast-Track' a Reality

This report shares the findings from a multi-stage review of the access women have to anti-retroviral therapy (ART). This review is critical in understanding key barriers women face when accessing HIV treatment and ways to address them in order for women to receive the care they need. 


Sexual Violence: Weapon of War, Impediment to Peace

This Forced Migration Review compilation focuses on the issue of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict settings. It provides appalling data on the magnitude of sexual violence occurring in various conflict areas, and the increased vulnerabilities women and girls face due to sexual violence. Although the connection between sexual violence,...


Women’s Property Rights as an AIDS Response: Emerging Efforts in South Asia

The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) conducted research to understand efforts to promote women’s property rights in response to HIV. This paper includes input from UNDP regarding pathways to ensure property rights for women as a measure of security towards the impact of HIV/AIDS.


HIV/AIDS, Security and Conflict: Making the Connections

The 2010 Forced Migration Review is a compilation of various topics addressing the linkages between HIV and conflict. Articles which look into the gendered aspects of HIV and conflict are:  ‘Gendered Violence and HIV in Burundi’ (pg. 18), ‘Understanding Sexual Violence, HIV/AIDS, and Conflict’ (pg. 22), and ‘Addressing HIV and Sex Work’ (pg. 25)....


HIV Prevention Toolkit: A Gender-Responsive Approach

This toolkit is designed to inform HIV prevention programs for women and adolescent girls in the United States.  It mainstreams gender as a component throughout the toolkit, and focuses on promoting greater understandings of how gender norms, roles, and inequalities affect HIV risk-related behaviors. It promotes safer sex and accessing prevention...


Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV

In this report, research was conducted in Brazil, Ethiopia, and Ukraine with policy influencers, women and girls living with HIV, and male partners of women living with HIV to explore issues of sexual and reproductive health needs of individuals, family planning, maternal care, and more. Findings revealed that many challenges women and girls living...


Implementing Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS Interventions: A Compendium of Programs in Africa

This report brings together many expert organizations in the fields of gender and HIV to explain how gender roles strongly influence the spread of HIV and how important it is to use multi-level approaches to create effective programs. To give examples of existing programs that do so, a collation of 31 HIV programs were described, all having gender...