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HIV Prevalence Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women a Global Concern

More than a 100 delegates from 12 eastern and southern Africa met in Windhoek from 1-3 February to discuss approaches and strategies on how best to reach adolescent girls and young women with HIV prevention in the context of sexual and reproductive health and rights. The gathering came hot on the heels of a disturbing report that indicated that in 2014, nearly half of all adolescents living with HIV globally were living in six countries, five...

East Africa: Region Gets U.S.$18 Million Funding to Fight HIV

Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania are among 13 African countries that will receive $55 million from the Global Fund to fight HIV/Aids, among adolescent girls and young women. Tanzania will get $8 million while Kenya and Uganda will receive $5 million each, leaving the rest to the other countries, namely Botswana, Cameroon, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

South Africa: Sexual Violence in Platinum Mining Belt a Major Driver of HIV

New analysis of data detailing the extent of sexual violence in the Rustenburg area, South Africa, indicates that one in five HIV infections (approximately 6,765 of all female cases) and one in three cases of depression among women (5,022 cases) are attributable to rape and intimate-partner violence (IPV), while one in three women inducing abortion (1,296 cases) was pregnant as a result of sexual violence.

Malawi: Vaginal Ring Dapivirine Gets Positive Feedback

A new HIV prevention measure, Dapivirine Ring, which has up to seventy-one per cent ability to protect users from contracting the virus has proved to be super-effective, according to preliminary research results by University of North Carolina (UNC) and John Hopkins. Speaking during a training workshop organized by journalists association against Aids (Journaids) at Bridge View Hotel in Lilongwe, UNC project study coordinator, Tchangani Tembo,...

500 Girls are Infected With HIV Every Week, is Anyone in Uganda Paying Attention?

Opinion Piece: Chances are very high that by this time next year if you are still alive, 26,000 girls will be living with HIV if we are to go by a report released by the Uganda Aids Commission a few days back. If this trend continues, by 2029, chances are high that your daughter or grand daughter may be among those living with HIV. On the other hand, your son, grandson or even your husband might be on the flip side of this horrific statistic.

How Thailand eliminated mother-to-child HIV transmission

Thailand has become the first Asian country to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV, thanks to a pragmatic multi-sector response backed by strong political commitment and heavy government investment, a new study reports. Such an early, concerted response allowed the country to successfully address the four prongs of the recommended World Health Organization (WHO) elimination strategy. As a result, MTCT rates were reduced from 20-40% in...

Setback for HIV Option B+

Women initiated on anti-retroviral drugs based on how sick they are, are more likely to continue and adhere to treatment compared to those who are initiated bcause they are pregnant, a recent study on adherence of ARVs in pregnant woman has shown. Presenting study results in Harare yesterday, Clinton Health Access Initiative country director Mr Alexio Mangwiro said of the 1,150 women who took part in the study, 8,5 percent were lost to follow-up...

Women Significantly More Likely Than Men to Have Suboptimal Adherence to HIV Therapy

Women are more likely than men to have poor adherence to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), according to Canadian research published in HIV Medicine. Adherence was monitored in a cohort of over 4000 people in British Columbia over 14 years. After controlling for injecting drug use (IDU) and ethnicity, 57% of women and 77% of men attained optimum 95% adherence. Read the full article online here .

Women Need to Learn About PrEP, Panel Says

Most women do not know that pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) may be an HIV prevention option for them, panelists noted at the recent PrEP for Women: The San Francisco Story webinar sponsored by HIVE. Prevention messages around San Francisco are primarily targeted at men who have sex with men. The San Francisco Department of Public Health does not even cover the cost of HIV testing for women. To help educate women about PrEP, has...

Specific Vaginal Bacteria Increases HIV Risk in Some Women

South African women with pro-inflammatory bacteria that dominates vaginal microbiomes have more than a 4-fold higher risk of acquiring HIV than those with healthy vaginal bacteria, a recent study indicates. An estimated 24 million individuals in sub-Saharan Africa are infected with HIV. According to UNAIDS, young African women have up to an 8-fold higher rate of HIV prevalence compared with young men.

HIV Patients Submit Memo to Minister

A delegation of women living with HIV from Dailekh and Bajura submitted a memorandum to Health Minister Gagan Thapa at his office yesterday. Women from Bajura’s Bahrabisa and Dailekh’s Rakam came to the capital to draw the minister’s attention towards the present plight of HIV victims in the memorandum. They also submitted copies of the memorandum to Women’s Commission and the National Centre for AIDS & STD Control.

Ending HIV Requires New Prevention Methods for Women

For millennia, childbirth was the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age. While still an important cause of death, the leading killer worldwide is now HIV/AIDS, with the highest burden in sub-Saharan Africa. There has been undeniable progress in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Rates of new HIV infections have been reduced by 6 percent since 2010, and more people than ever are now taking

Would an HIV-positive Woman Get Charged if She Was Raped? McMaster Prof Asks

There is a question that Saara Greene says comes up early when she speaks with HIV-positive women: "Would I get charged if I was raped?" Greene, an associate professor of social work at McMaster University in Hamilton, said she and her team of community-based researchers hear this often during workshops with women about the criminalization of HIV non-disclosure.

Women with HIV Take Fight Against Forced Sterilization to Court

Reports of HIV-positive women who have been coerced, forced or tricked into being sterilized reveal how widespread this practice is in Africa, but human rights activists say governments are doing little to stop it.

UN Calls for Urgent Action to Protect Young Women from HIV/Aids in Africa

Urgent action is needed to help and protect girls and young women from Aids in sub-Saharan Africa, thousands of whom are still being infected with HIV every week, the UN says. Many adolescent girls do not know they have the virus and do not seek help or get treatment because they cannot tell their families they have had a sexual relationship with an older man.

Immigrant Women Face Many Barriers to HIV Testing and Care

Immigrant women living with HIV often juggle multiple identities, all of which are the target of discrimination and stigma: HIV status, female gender, person of color, foreign accent and/or poor command of English. Many also come from countries with a high prevalence of HIV and/or have experienced trauma and abuse during their journey to the U.S. 

Adolescence a ‘Dangerous Time’ for Young Girls – Particularly in sub-Saharan Africa

New HIV infections among adolescent girls and young women fell by only 6% between 2010 and 2015. This puts the HIV response severely off-track to reach the target of less than 100,000 new HIV infections among this group by 2020. With 7,500 women aged 15-24 becoming infected with HIV every week in 2015, a staggering 74% reduction is needed in the four years to 2020 to reach the first of the UNAIDS Fast-Track strategy targets.

Viral Load Rebounds in a Third of Women who Start HIV Therapy during Pregnancy or Postpartum, South African Study Shows

Approximately one-third of HIV-positive women who attain viral suppression after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy experience a significant rebound in viral load in the year after giving birth, according to results of a South African study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases. 

Migration and Age Differences between Male and Female Partners Fuelling the HIV Epidemic in South Africa

Analyses from two large household surveys in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa shed new light on the dynamics of HIV transmission in the South African province that is hardest hit by HIV. Adolescent girls and young women typically acquire HIV from men several years older than themselves, while older men usually acquire HIV from women of their own age. Men and women who migrate just 50km away from home are more likely to become HIV positive than those...

HIV Scientists Have Failed to Protect the World's Most At-Risk Women

"Blessers are everywhere," Naledi Tsikedi, 17, tells me, leaning forward in her chair. In the courtyard below, I can hear her classmates hollering, overflowing with adolescent energy as school lets out. Tsikedi, dressed in a blue and white track suit with the name of her high school emblazoned on the front, has stayed behind to speak with me about sex and HIV.