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Global Epidemiology of HIV Among Female Sex Workers: Influence of Structural Determinants

The Lancet Female sex workers (FSWs) bear a disproportionately large burden of HIV infection worldwide. This article reviews available published data for HIV prevalence and incidence, condom use, and structural determinants among this group. To explore the potential effect of structural determinants on the course of epidemics, the authors use a...


Building Partnerships on HIV and Sex Work

This report reflects the voices and opinions of 140 participants, including resource persons and sex workers, at the first Asia and the Pacific Regional Consultation on HIV and Sex Work, held on October 2010 in Pattaya, Thailand. It covers critical components of the HIV and sex work responses, and four key areas – namely, creating an enabling legal...


UNAIDS Guidance Note on HIV and Sex Work

This Guidance Note has been developed to provide the UNAIDS Cosponsors and Secretariat with a coordinated human-rights-based approach to promoting universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in the context of adult sex work. This publication proposes three main pillars to address HIV and sex work: 1) assure universal access to...


"At Risk and Neglected: Sex Workers," Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic

This section focuses on sex workers and their under representation in HIV prevention and treatment initiatives. It briefly looks at HIV/AIDS and sex work internationally, providing some statistics and comments about specific countries. It also examines related issues such as drug use and young and uninformed sex workers. The environment sex work...


Sex-trafficking, Violence, Negotiating Skill, and HIV Infection in Brothel-based Sex Workers of Eastern India, Adjoining Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh

This research article describes the results of a community-based cross-sectional study conducted among brothel-based sex workers of West Bengal, eastern India, to understand sex-trafficking, violence, negotiating skills, and HIV infection in them. The study highlights that the trafficked victims faced violence, including sexual violence, to a...


Sex Work, Violence and HIV: A Guide for Programmes with Sex Workers

This guide discusses the challenges involved in ensuring that violence is addressed in HIV programmes and gives a detailed understanding of violence in relation to sex work and challenges some common assumptions. The guide also provides examples from real programmes that illustrate ways in which HIV and AIDS projects can help reduce the incidence...


Assessment of Risk Factors for HIV Infection in Female Sex Workers and Men who have Sex with Men in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay

This Horizons report describes the findings of a study to estimate HIV and syphilis prevalence among female sex workers (FSW) and MSM in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay; examine knowledge, attitudes, and risk behaviors related to HIV and STIs; and describe the contextual and behavioral factors influencing HIV and STI transmission among MSM and FSWs in...


Opportunities for Woman-initiated HIV Prevention Methods among Female Sex Workers in Southern China

This article reports high levels of awareness about HIV prevention methods among women sex workers in southern China. It shows the women are using a range of contraceptive practices, and different methods to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). This indicates that there will be high levels of willingness to use vaginal...


Sex Work and HIV/AIDS: UNAIDS Technical Update

This report focuses on the challenges in the protection of those involved in sex work and discusses the key elements of various interventions. It explores the many issues involved in providing care and support for sex workers, preventing entry into sex work, and reducing risk and vulnerability through programmes at the individual, community and...