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Walking in Our Shoes: Perspectives of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women living with HIV

This community-led study in Malawi, Uganda and Zambia sought to understand the factors that facilitate women living with HIV to adhere to treatment and return to health facilities for routine care, from their own perspective.


Exploring Factors Associated with ART Adherence and Retention in Care under Option B+ Strategy in Malawi: A Qualitative Study

This qualitative study examines women's experiences with antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in Option B+ care among 39 pregnant and lactating women in Bwaila Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi. One of the most important factors influencing adherence and retention was the strength of women’s support systems.


Exploring the Experiences of Women and Health Care Workers in the Context of PMTCT Option B Plus in Malawi

Malawi has undertaken a "test-and-treat" approach to prevent mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV, known as Option B+. This approach offers all pregnant and breastfeeding women with HIV lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of CD4 count or clinical stage. A cross-sectional, qualitative study explored experiences surrounding Option...


Women's Experiences of Ageing with HIV in the UK: A Feminist, Participatory and Assets-Based Exploration

This doctoral research project explores the experiences of women growing older with HIV in London, United Kingdom. It has a specific focus on women and the gendered experiences of ageing with HIV, in terms of community, social support, and health care needs. The research uses a feminist methodology along with participatory and narrative methods.


Key Barriers to Women's Access to HIV Treatment: Making 'Fast-Track' a Reality

This report shares the findings from a multi-stage review of the access women have to anti-retroviral therapy (ART). This review is critical in understanding key barriers women face when accessing HIV treatment and ways to address them in order for women to receive the care they need. 


Beyond the Pap Smear: Gender-responsive HIV Care for Women

This resource explains how gender-based disparities in HIV prevention and care should be addressed by gender-responsive policies and programs. It uses a socio-ecological approach to understand existing gender differences in HIV risk and how to create effective health care measures to prevent women from infection. 


Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV: Guidance for Health Managers, Health Workers, and Activists

This report provides general recommendations to health workers and activists on how to create a fostering environment of women and girls living with HIV; how to strengthen the health system by making more comprehensive sexuality programs available; how to ensure meaningful participation of women and girls living with HIV in policy; and how to...


Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV

In this report, research was conducted in Brazil, Ethiopia, and Ukraine with policy influencers, women and girls living with HIV, and male partners of women living with HIV to explore issues of sexual and reproductive health needs of individuals, family planning, maternal care, and more. Findings revealed that many challenges women and girls living...


UN Women Highlight the Unique Barriers to Treatment Faced by Women Living with HIV/AIDS at the AIDS Society Conference

At the pivotal International AIDS Society Conference in Vancouver, Canada from 19-22 July, the focus was on HIV care and treatment as new data highlights the effectiveness of earlier treatment initiation. Commissioned by UN Women, AVAC, ATHENA network and Salamander Trust presented initial findings from a new global review of the status of access...


The Importance of Addressing Gender Inequality in Efforts to End Vertical Transmission of HIV

Journal of the International AIDS Society This article examines the role that gender inequality plays in limiting vertical HIV transmission (PMTCT) programmatic progress. The authors highlight a growing body of evidence that suggests that gender inequality, including gender-based violence, is a key obstacle to better outcomes related to all four...


Gender Differences in the Risk of HIV Infection among Persons Reporting Abstinence, Monogamy, and Multiple Sexual Partners in Northern Tanzania

This article examines the association between the number of sexual partners and the risk of HIV seropositivity among men and women presenting for HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) in northern Tanzania. Among women presenting for VCT, the number of partners is strongly associated with rates of seropositivity; however, even women reporting...


Progress on Global Access to HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

A new report by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) shows that the number of people on HIV antiretroviral treatment (ART) in low- and middle-income countries more than tripled to 1.3 million in December 2005 from 400 000 in December 2003. Charting the final progress of the "3 by...


Access to Care, Treatment and Support (ACTS) Briefing

Every year, HIV/AIDS causes the death of an increasing number of women. In 2002 over one million women around the world died of AIDS. Access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) could reduce this figure drastically. ART has turned HIV into a much more manageable chronic condition which may no longer be a death sentence. However, ICW is keen to point...


Contribution of Reproductive Health Services To The Fight Against HIV/AIDS

This paper reviews and assesses the contributions made to date by sexual and reproductive health services to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, mainly by services for family planning, sexually transmitted infections and antenatal and delivery care. It also describes other sexual and reproductive health problems experienced by HIV-positive women. It...


Women's Experiences with HIV Serodisclosure in Africa: Implications for VCT and PMTC

Author: USAID and The Synergy Project Date: 2004 Publisher: USAID and The Synergy Project On April 2, 2003, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) hosted a meeting in Washington, DC to consider gender issues regarding the disclosure of HIV serostatus in sub-Saharan Africa. More than 90 technical personnel who work on HIV/AIDS,...


Inequalities in Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Prevention

This paper presents an overview of information on socio-economic and gender inequalities in the knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention. The information, based on an analysis of household data collected by the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) program, concerning poor-rich coverage and gender differences for twenty-three countries, focuses primarily in...


Key Barriers to Women's Access to HIV Treatment: A Global Review

In collaboration with UN Women, the ATHENA Network, AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition (AVAC), and Salamander Trust have undertaken a multistage review of the global status of women’s access to antiretroviral therapy (ART).