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Knowing is Not Enough: Migrant Workers’ Spouses Vulnerability to HIV

A cross-sectional survey among migrants' wives in two rural villages of Chitwan district, Nepal aimed to measure knowledge and attitudes around HIV and STIs and to understand women's risk perception of HIV due to their husbands' sexual behavior. Results found that nearly all (94%) of women had a good knowledge of HIV, yet, nearly half the women...


Gender and HIV in the Pacific Islands Region: A Literature Review of Evidence with Recommendations

The trends of HIV transmission in the Pacific Islands reveal that transmission is steadily continuing despite any responses, women are more likely to be infected at younger ages than men, and more of them are being infected than ever before. This report stresses that HIV programs in the Pacific Islands do not adequately incorporate gender relations...


A Review of Socio-economic Empowerment Initiatives for Women Living with HIV in Asia

This report sets out the results of a review of socio-economic empowerment initiatives for women living with HIV in the Asia region with a view to identify lessons learned and generate recommendations for the socio-economic support for the estimated 1.7 million women in the region who are living with HIV. Loss of livelihood makes women highly...


Country Briefs on HIV and Key Affected Women and Girls in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

The briefs are intended as a resource for policymakers in Member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as well as planners, programme managers, health professionals, service providers, civil society organizations, including key population networks, women’s rights organizations, and others who are advocating for the needs and...


Needs and Rights of Key Affected Women and Girls in HIV Programmes: Report

This is a summary report of findings from an online consultation held in the lead up to the 10th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (10th ICAAP). This issue-focused and time-limited online consultation was facilitated on the issue: key affected women and girls, on SEA-AIDS by the Asia Pacific Alliance for Sexual and Reproductive...


Gender Impact of HIV and AIDS in India

The study on the Socio-Economic Impact of HIV and AIDS was conducted in the six high prevalence states of India. The study was aimed to assess the impact of HIV and AIDS on households and make projections at the macro and sectoral level. This report displays the adverse impact of HIV and AIDS on women and female children and highlights the heavy...


CEDAW Advocacy Training Module for Positive Women

Persistent gender inequalities and human rights violations continue to drive the HIV epidemic in the ASEAN region. Women living with HIV in Asia face certain issues specific to them. HIV exacerbates poverty and women living with HIV are more likely than men living with HIV to be widowed, raise their children alone, and less likely to have...


Study of knowledge, perception and attitude of adolescent girls towards STIs/HIV, safer sex and sex education: (A cross sectional survey of urban adolescent school girls in South Delhi, India)

This research article describes an evaluation of adolescent school girls' knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards STIs/HIV and safer sex practice and sex education and explores their current sexual behaviour in India.


Impact of Round-the-Clock, Rapid Oral Fluid HIV Testing of Women in Labor in Rural India

Testing pregnant women in labor for HIV and counseling them is a challenge, particularly where resources are limited. This article describes a research study on the feasibility and impact of introducing round-the-clock, rapid HIV testing and counseling in a busy labor ward in a rural teaching hospital in Sevagram, India. Article can be accessed...


Using Rights-Based Processes Towards Building Gender-Sensitive Responses for Women Living with HIV/AIDS: The UNIFEM South Asia Partnership with the Positive Women Network, India and Centre for Advocacy and Research in India

This report describes the partnership between UNIFEM South Asia, the Positive Women Network and Centre for Advocacy and Research in enabling the building of a rights-based gender sensitive response to HIV/AIDS.


Private Spaces Public Partnerships: Changing Minds, Changing Behaviour

This publication is about UNIFEM project with Indian Railways on HIV/AIDS. It is an odyssey through a successful project and its various interventions and the interaction of diverse participants who create innovative techniques to challenge the consequences of HIV/AIDS and its gender dimensions. It is a collection of photographs and videos about...


Gender, Sexuality and Violence in the context of HIV and AIDS: A Call to Action

Violence contributes to HIV and AIDS vulnerability but has been insufficiently addressed in India. Fortunately, gender and sexuality-based discrimination has been recognized by the government. To date, however, groups affected by and at risk of HIV and AIDS have addressed violence single-handedly, with minimal success. They recognize that more...


''Without My Consent'' - Women and HIV-Related Stigma in India

This article reviews the status of women with HIV in India. It discusses the low awareness of HIV/AIDS among women, how the burdens of blame and care fall on women, dealing with stigma in health care settings, and how health officials, individuals, and groups are breaking down barriers to prevention and care.


Bring HIV on Board

39;s Feature ServiceEvery morning, in the state of Andhra Pradesh (AP), a group of men and women are making change and making history. They are setting out to do something that most people do not normally do - talking about sex, sexuality and HIV/AIDS. V Samson and S K Sultana Begum are among some 48 peer counsellors who head towards schools,...


Reducing Girls' Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: The Thai Approach (UNAIDS Case Study)

In Thailand, too many girls find themselves at an early age in the sex industry, usually for lack of other economic options. Young girls are desirable because they are thought to be "safe" and uninfected with HIV, but the risk of infection to them and thence to their clients is very high. This case study describes some responses to the problem,...


Women, HIV/AIDS and Development: Towards Gender Appropriate Strategies in South East Asia and the South Pacific

This report consists of six sections and provides an overview of the gender implications of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South East Asia and the South Pacific, and a review of HIV/AIDS prevention and control strategies in these regions, with particular reference to gender issues in their design and implementation. The issues involved are complex and...


Strategies of Civil Society to Address AIDS in Asia: Emphasis on the Sex Sector

Asia is a continent of diverse people speaking hundreds of languages and subscribing to different cultures, beliefs and religions. The tremendous diversity in Asia makes generalization about HIV/AIDS meaningless as it prevents understanding the specificity of the spread of HIV in the local social context, and the cultural sensitivity that renders...