There are two main challenges that women face: the biological differences that make women more vulnerable to HIV infection; and the gender norms and inequality that are unfortunately still part of many societies around the world. Female sexuality is still something that is ignored or even denied in many countries. Acknowledging women as sexual beings is very difficult for many male-dominated societies, especially when they also have strong religious foundations. This turns into judgement towards women who want their partners to use a condom. They are seen as promiscuous or unfaithful, or -- within marriages -- are accused of not trusting their husbands.
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