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“They haven’t asked me. I haven’t told them either”: fertility plan discussions between women living with HIV and healthcare providers in western Ethiopia

Despite the importance of women living with HIV (WLHIV) engaging in fertility plan discussions with their healthcare providers (HCPs), little research exists. This study explored perceptions surrounding fertility plan discussions between WLHIV and their HCPs in western Ethiopia, from the perspectives of both women and providers


Lessons from the evaluation of the South African National Female Condom Programme

Data highlight the role of providers as gatekeepers to female condom access in public and non-public sectors and provide support for further female condom programme expansion in South Africa and globally.


Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Prisons: A Technical Guide

This technical guide is intended to support countries in their efforts to increase their capacity to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV in prison, and achieve the ultimate goal of ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030, “leaving no one behind”.


Inequalities in women’s empowerment and prevalence of HIV in India

A combative relationship has been established between women’s empowerment and their risk of HIV/AIDS. The results have been consistently showing the variations of inequality in women’s empowerment across different states, consequently affecting the risk of HIV/AIDS. Ensuring sexual-rights of women should be the best strategy.


UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Pandemic 2020

UNAIDS report on the global AIDS pandemic 2020  shows that w omen and girls in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be the most affected and accounted for 59% of all new HIV infections in the region in 2019, with 4500 adolescent girls and young women between 15 and 24 years old becoming infected with HIV every week. Young women accounted for 24% of new...


Actions for improved clinical and prevention services and choices: Preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among women and girls using contraceptive services in contexts with high HIV incidence

The new joint policy brief by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS sets out the steps needed to improve and integrate HIV prevention and contraceptive services in order to reduce new HIV infections among women. This brief has been developed in response to the ECHO study which found extremely high HIV incidence rates among women...


Empowerment and HIV Risk Behaviors in Couples: Modeling the Theory of Gender and Power in an African Context

Findings provide evidence that high levels of women's empowerment were associated with safer sex practices, although this varied by country. Policymakers should incorporate empowerment indicators to address women's empowerment and HIV prevention within African couples.


HIV vulnerability among adolescent girls and young women: a multi-country latent class analysis approach

The analysis demonstrated that adolescent girls and young women with the higher vulnerability profiles, including the impact of unequal gender norms, have increased odds of negative health outcomes and experiences. The analysis calls upon tailoring community-based HIV prevention efforts by deferentially targeting/tailoring interventions and health...


Young Women Lead, Evidence, Advocate, Research, Network (LEARN): What Does PrEP Mean for Young Women?

Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are disproportionately affected by HIV, and can face barriers to access, uptake and use of HIV prevention methods. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a new, effective, individually-controlled HIV prevention tool that could benefit some AGYW. This study used qualitative, participatory, peer-led methods to...


Providing Oral PrEP Video Series: Lessons from the Field

Oral PrEP will reach women who need it if PrEP programs are well-supported and prepared. A collaboration between LVCT Health in Kenya and AVAC, through the USAID-funded OPTIONS Consortium, this video series shows how LVCT Health made changes at the site level and helped women interested in oral PrEP overcome recurring barriers to uptake and...


Cash Transfers for HIV Prevention: What do Young Women Spend It On?

This study aimed to document spending patterns of young African women receiving cash transfers as part of HIV prevention efforts.


Hope, Progress and the Power of Prevention

The International Partnership for Microbicides' 2016 Annual Report highlights the dapivirine ring and other milestones to add new tools to women's HIV prevention options.


Safety and Efficacy of a Dapivirine Vaginal Ring for HIV Prevention in Women

This article evaluates the safety and efficacy of a vaginal ring containing dapivirine for the prevention of HIV infection in nearly 2,000 women of reproductive age from South Africa and Uganda. The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and it found that the dapivirine ring was not associated with any safety concerns and...


Preventing HIV among Women — A Step Forward, but Much Farther to Go

This editorial discusses new HIV prevention methods for women and how they have fared in clinical trials, including major challenges in prevention of HIV infection of women. Dr. Adimora stresses the importance of diverse HIV intervention methods that adopt to women in different life stages and their needs.


The Promise of the Ring for Women's HIV Prevention

A new, monthly vaginal ring developed by the International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) is the first long-acting vaginal ring to prevent HIV. This ring slowly release a anti-retroviral drug, dapivirine, over the course of one month to reduce the risk of HIV in Women. A video was created to describe the ring and IPM's plan to ensure women at...


Gender Inequality and HIV transmission: A Global Analysis

The HIV epidemic disproportionately impacts young women due to socio-economic inequalities, violence, racism, sexism, and constraints on women’s agency. This article uses data from UNAIDS’ 2010 Global Report to understand the relationship between mode of HIV transmission and gender inequality. It also looked into relationships between HIV...


A Cluster Randomized-Controlled Trial of a Community Mobilization Intervention to Change Gender Norms and Reduce HIV Risk in Rural South Africa: Study Design and Intervention

This paper describes the design and presents baseline survey findings of a randomized control trial. The trial was a community mobilization intervention in rural Mpumalanga, South Africa and aimed to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk. 


HIV Prevention Toolkit: A Gender-Responsive Approach

This toolkit is designed to inform HIV prevention programs for women and adolescent girls in the United States.  It mainstreams gender as a component throughout the toolkit, and focuses on promoting greater understandings of how gender norms, roles, and inequalities affect HIV risk-related behaviors. It promotes safer sex and accessing prevention...


Effect of a Cash Transfer Programme for Schooling on Prevalence of HIV and Herpes Simplex Type 2 in Malawi: A Cluster Randomized Trial

The Lancet Structural factors such as poor education, poverty, and gender and power inequalities are important determinants of young women's vulnerability to HIV infection. In The Lancet, Sarah Baird and colleagues report the results of a randomised controlled trial done with adolescent girls in rural Malawi, examining the effects of a cash...


What Does Family Planning Have to do with HIV? Everything.

This publication provides a brief overview of why it is important to consider voluntary family planning as a component for HIV prevention and treatment. It outlines the beneficial health outcomes of integrated HIV/AIDS and family planning services, as well as how these services can also promote women’s rights. This piece concludes with an...