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UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Pandemic 2020

UNAIDS report on the global AIDS pandemic 2020  shows that w omen and girls in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be the most affected and accounted for 59% of all new HIV infections in the region in 2019, with 4500 adolescent girls and young women between 15 and 24 years old becoming infected with HIV every week. Young women accounted for 24% of new...


Actions for improved clinical and prevention services and choices: Preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among women and girls using contraceptive services in contexts with high HIV incidence

The new joint policy brief by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS sets out the steps needed to improve and integrate HIV prevention and contraceptive services in order to reduce new HIV infections among women. This brief has been developed in response to the ECHO study which found extremely high HIV incidence rates among women...


HIV vulnerability among adolescent girls and young women: a multi-country latent class analysis approach

The analysis demonstrated that adolescent girls and young women with the higher vulnerability profiles, including the impact of unequal gender norms, have increased odds of negative health outcomes and experiences. The analysis calls upon tailoring community-based HIV prevention efforts by deferentially targeting/tailoring interventions and health...


Young Women Lead, Evidence, Advocate, Research, Network (LEARN): What Does PrEP Mean for Young Women?

Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are disproportionately affected by HIV, and can face barriers to access, uptake and use of HIV prevention methods. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a new, effective, individually-controlled HIV prevention tool that could benefit some AGYW. This study used qualitative, participatory, peer-led methods to...


Providing Oral PrEP Video Series: Lessons from the Field

Oral PrEP will reach women who need it if PrEP programs are well-supported and prepared. A collaboration between LVCT Health in Kenya and AVAC, through the USAID-funded OPTIONS Consortium, this video series shows how LVCT Health made changes at the site level and helped women interested in oral PrEP overcome recurring barriers to uptake and...


Cash Transfers for HIV Prevention: What do Young Women Spend It On?

This study aimed to document spending patterns of young African women receiving cash transfers as part of HIV prevention efforts.


Hope, Progress and the Power of Prevention

The International Partnership for Microbicides' 2016 Annual Report highlights the dapivirine ring and other milestones to add new tools to women's HIV prevention options.


Safety and Efficacy of a Dapivirine Vaginal Ring for HIV Prevention in Women

This article evaluates the safety and efficacy of a vaginal ring containing dapivirine for the prevention of HIV infection in nearly 2,000 women of reproductive age from South Africa and Uganda. The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and it found that the dapivirine ring was not associated with any safety concerns and...


Preventing HIV among Women — A Step Forward, but Much Farther to Go

This editorial discusses new HIV prevention methods for women and how they have fared in clinical trials, including major challenges in prevention of HIV infection of women. Dr. Adimora stresses the importance of diverse HIV intervention methods that adopt to women in different life stages and their needs.


The Promise of the Ring for Women's HIV Prevention

A new, monthly vaginal ring developed by the International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) is the first long-acting vaginal ring to prevent HIV. This ring slowly release a anti-retroviral drug, dapivirine, over the course of one month to reduce the risk of HIV in Women. A video was created to describe the ring and IPM's plan to ensure women at...


Gender Inequality and HIV transmission: A Global Analysis

The HIV epidemic disproportionately impacts young women due to socio-economic inequalities, violence, racism, sexism, and constraints on women’s agency. This article uses data from UNAIDS’ 2010 Global Report to understand the relationship between mode of HIV transmission and gender inequality. It also looked into relationships between HIV...


A Cluster Randomized-Controlled Trial of a Community Mobilization Intervention to Change Gender Norms and Reduce HIV Risk in Rural South Africa: Study Design and Intervention

This paper describes the design and presents baseline survey findings of a randomized control trial. The trial was a community mobilization intervention in rural Mpumalanga, South Africa and aimed to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk. 


HIV Prevention Toolkit: A Gender-Responsive Approach

This toolkit is designed to inform HIV prevention programs for women and adolescent girls in the United States.  It mainstreams gender as a component throughout the toolkit, and focuses on promoting greater understandings of how gender norms, roles, and inequalities affect HIV risk-related behaviors. It promotes safer sex and accessing prevention...


Effect of a Cash Transfer Programme for Schooling on Prevalence of HIV and Herpes Simplex Type 2 in Malawi: A Cluster Randomized Trial

The Lancet Structural factors such as poor education, poverty, and gender and power inequalities are important determinants of young women's vulnerability to HIV infection. In The Lancet, Sarah Baird and colleagues report the results of a randomised controlled trial done with adolescent girls in rural Malawi, examining the effects of a cash...


What Does Family Planning Have to do with HIV? Everything.

This publication provides a brief overview of why it is important to consider voluntary family planning as a component for HIV prevention and treatment. It outlines the beneficial health outcomes of integrated HIV/AIDS and family planning services, as well as how these services can also promote women’s rights. This piece concludes with an...


HIV Prevention Gains Momentum Success in Female Condom Programming

This report examines a number of success stories in the fight against HIV. Examples come from countries such as Zimbabwe, Myanmar, Nigeria and the Caribbean region. The report stresses the importance of comprehensive male and female condom programming. This could be achieved through developing strategies and programmes through which every sexually...


Female Condoms and U.S. Foreign Assistance: An Unfinished Imperative for Women’s Health

Female Condoms and U.S. Foreign Assistance: An Unfinished Imperative for Women's Health, summarizes U.S. support for female condoms, identifies barriers, and offers concrete recommendations for improving U.S. efforts to increase access and availability of female condoms.


The Role of Religious Communities in Addressing Gender-based Violence and HIV

Religious leaders are key stakeholders in responding to health and social issues and can play an influential role in validating and promoting best practices for preventing and reducing gender-based violence (GBV) and related vulnerability to HIV in their community. This report summarizes the USAID Health Policy Initiative project titled The Role of...


Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS

This publication provides a literature review of linkages between sexual and reproductive health and HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in achieving the Millennium Development Goals in order to gain a clearer understanding of the effectiveness, optimal circumstances, and best practices for strengthening these links. Finding highlight the...


What Works for Women and Girls: Evidence for HIV/AIDS Intervention

This publication compiles and summarizes evidence to support successful interventions in HIV programming for women and girls. This is a comprehensive review, spanning 2,000 articles and reports with data from more than 90 countries, that highlights a number of interventions for which there is substantial evidence of success: from prevention,...