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Right to Health

UNAIDS’ Right to health report makes it clear that states have basic human rights obligations to respect, protect and fulfil the right to health. The report gives voice to the communities most affected by HIV on what the right to health means to them.

Technical Brief on HIV, Human Rights and Gender Equality

The purpose of this Technical Brief is to assist Global Fund applicants in their efforts to include and expand programs to remove human rights and gender-related barriers to HIV prevention, diagnosis and treatment services.

How Are Gender Equality and Human Rights Interventions Included in Sexual and Reproductive Health Programmes and Policies: A Systematic Review of Existing Research Foci and Gaps

Many international and regional agreements have acknowledged the importance of promoting gender equality and human rights in Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Programmes. This review used over 56 articles to identify research gaps in addressing the larger priority of integrating gender equality and human rights approaches into SRH programmes and...

Securing Women’s Land and Property Rights: A Critical Step to Address HIV, Violence, and Food Security

This report looks into the relationship between women’s property rights in the context of HIV/AIDS, violence against women, and food security. It discusses the unequal power relations that often occur in land ownership, as many cultures perpetuate gender inequality by not allowing women to own land as a mechanism to become autonomous. It discusses...

UNAIDS Cosponsor 2015: UN Women - United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women

This brief tells us about UN Women and how they collaborate with UNAIDS in order to ensure that there are policies and practices to reduce the vulnerability of women and girls to HIV and address unequal power relations between men and women. 

The Case for Addressing Gender and Power in Sexuality and HIV Education: A Comprehensive Review of Evaluation Studies

Many curriculum-based responses to sexuality and HIV educations have been developed as a response to prevent HIV, STI’s, an unintended pregnancy among young people. Haberland evaluates 22 interventions to assess their success in relation to whether or not they incorporated gender and power dynamics within their curriculum.  

Assets and Property Rights, HIV and AIDS

One aspect of reducing women’s vulnerability to HIV is to ensure their property and inheritance rights. This is often difficult as there are many preconceived social norms, which restrict women from owning land. In this paper, ICRW suggests ways in which women’s rights to property can be encouraged and secured.

Women’s Property Rights as an AIDS Response: Emerging Efforts in South Asia

The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) conducted research to understand efforts to promote women’s property rights in response to HIV. This paper includes input from UNDP regarding pathways to ensure property rights for women as a measure of security towards the impact of HIV/AIDS.

Women's Property Rights, HIV and AIDS, and Domestic Violence

To understand the role of women’s property rights in mitigating the effects of HIV and violence, ICRW conducted research in South Africa and Uganda. They used qualitative research to explore linkages between women’s experience with land ownership, HIV, and domestic violence. This paper shares the findings from both studies, comparing similarities...

Human Rights of Women Living with HIV in the Americas

On the occasion of Zero Discrimination Day,   the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) of the OAS launched a new report entitled " Human Rights of Women Living with HIV in the Americas ." The report, developed by CIM and UNAIDS with the collaboration of the International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS (ICW Latina), includes...

Report on The First International Symposium on Self-testing for HIV: The Legal, Ethical, Gender, Human Rights and Public Health Implications of Self-testing Scale-up

HIV self-testing (HIVST) allows people to test in private. It is part of national policy in some countries including Kenya, with others considering introduction. In 2011, two pilot studies were conducted providing HIVST to health-workers in Kenya, and to community members in Malawi. This Report is based on the first global HIVST consultation (2013)...

Eliminating Forced, Coercive and Otherwise Involuntary Sterilization: An Interagency Statement by OHCHR, UN Women, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF and WHO

This statement aims to contribute to the elimination of forced, coercive and otherwise involuntary sterilization. It reaffirms that sterilization as a method of contraception and family planning should be available, accessible, acceptable, of good quality, and free from discrimination, coercion and violence, and that laws, regulations, policies and...

Human Rights and Gender Equality in Health Sector Strategies: How to Assess Policy Coherence

AUTHORS: World Health Organization DATE: 2011 PUBLISHER: World Health Organization This tool, developed in collaboration between WHO, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) is designed to support countries to strengthen national health strategies.

Human Rights in the Context of HIV/AIDS and Other Sexually Transmissible Infections

This briefing paper takes an in-depth look at the standards developed by six UN "treaty monitoring bodies," or committees, in the area of HIV/AIDS and other STIs. Following a brief overview of the origin and work of the committees, this paper reviews standards each body has adopted as it has monitored governments' compliance with their duties under...

The Power Imbalance Between Men and Women and Its Effects on the Spread of HIV

This article examines some of the reasons why women are vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. These reasons include: violations of their economic rights, violations of their political rights, and cultural beliefs, such as the cultural value placed on virginity, fertility and the subservience of women to men in marriage. The article also discusses the role of the...

Using Rights and the Law to Reduce Women's Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS

This is a discussion paper prepared for the Satellite Symposium, "Putting Third First - Critical Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS". The paper makes a fundamental assumption that if efforts to change sexual behaviour is at the core of reducing HIV infection and if efforts to change sexual behaviour require changes in the social and economic power relations...

Prevention, Treatment and Care in the Context of Human Rights

Human rights have been central to the international community's response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This approach initially emphasized the inclusion of, and non-discrimination against, particular risk groups. However, as the epicenter of the epidemic has moved from the first to the third world and from (gay white) men to (poor black) women, the...

UNGASS on HIV/AIDS: Women's Empowerment Embraced, Reproductive Rights Slighted

One critical achievement of the UNGASS was the inclusion of some language within the Declaration promoting the health and rights of women and girls in the context of HIV/AIDS. The paper argues that although the Declaration fails to explicitly address the broader concept of reproductive rights or the need for governments to provide comprehensive...

Turning the Tide: CEDAW and the Gender Dimensions of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic

This publication contributes to understanding how the world's foremost blueprint for women's human rights can be put to work to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic from a gender perspective. The publication discusses different aspects of the pandemic for which CEDAW has special relevance, such as gender-based violence and sexual exploitation, access to...