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Inequalities in women’s empowerment and prevalence of HIV in India

A combative relationship has been established between women’s empowerment and their risk of HIV/AIDS. The results have been consistently showing the variations of inequality in women’s empowerment across different states, consequently affecting the risk of HIV/AIDS. Ensuring sexual-rights of women should be the best strategy.


Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Prisons: A Technical Guide

This technical guide is intended to support countries in their efforts to increase their capacity to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV in prison, and achieve the ultimate goal of ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030, “leaving no one behind”.


UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Pandemic 2020

UNAIDS report on the global AIDS pandemic 2020  shows that w omen and girls in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be the most affected and accounted for 59% of all new HIV infections in the region in 2019, with 4500 adolescent girls and young women between 15 and 24 years old becoming infected with HIV every week. Young women accounted for 24% of new...


Depression and Psychosocial Stress Are Associated With Subclinical Carotid Atherosclerosis Among Women Living With HIV

Psychosocial factors were independent atherosclerotic risk factors among Women Living With HIV (WLWH). Research is needed to determine whether interventions for depression and psychosocial stress can mitigate the increased risk of atherosclerosis for WLWH.


Six concrete measures to support women and girls in all their diversity in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

COVID-19 is not only a health issue, just as HIV never was. It impacts on a wide range of human rights, and although it affects all people, it does so unequally. Women and girls in all their diversity are experiencing the greatest impact of the crisis. COVID-19 has highlighted the stark inequalities across societies, with a lack of pandemic...


UNDP Discussion Paper - Making the Law Work for Women and Girls in the Context of HIV

UNDP has worked with governments, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS (UNAIDS) Secretariat, UNAIDS co-sponsors and civil society in 89 countries to advance the recommendations of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law and to promote enabling legal, policy and regulatory environments for rights-based HIV responses, including for women...


Self-Esteem and Hope among HIV Positive Adolescents

The aim of the present study was to assess the level of self-esteem and Hope among HIV positive Adolescents across gender. The researcher considered perinatally infected Adolescent boys and girls who are HIV Positive, currently living in a HIV care and support centre.


Manifestations of Gender Inequality and Its Influence on Health Service Use Among Female Injecting Drug Users - A Study in Champai, Mizoram

Gender inequalities affect women’s access to and experience of HIV/AIDS programmes and services. The current study focused on Female Injecting Drug Users with human immunodeficiency virus positive status, residing in Champai district of Mizoram - known as transit hub for illegal drugs.


Spotlight — HIV–related discrimination against women and girls — Zero Discrimination Day 1 March 2020

A cross the world, gender inequality, violence, poverty and insecurity continue to stoke excessive HIV risk among women and girls, especially those in marginalized and excluded communities.


Zero discrimination against women and girls

On  Zero Discrimination Day this year , UNAIDS is challenging the discrimination faced by women and girls in all their diversity in order to raise awareness and mobilize action to promote equality and empowerment for women and girls.


Knowing is Not Enough: Migrant Workers’ Spouses Vulnerability to HIV

A cross-sectional survey among migrants' wives in two rural villages of Chitwan district, Nepal aimed to measure knowledge and attitudes around HIV and STIs and to understand women's risk perception of HIV due to their husbands' sexual behavior. Results found that nearly all (94%) of women had a good knowledge of HIV, yet, nearly half the women...


Gender and HIV in the Pacific Islands Region: A Literature Review of Evidence with Recommendations

The trends of HIV transmission in the Pacific Islands reveal that transmission is steadily continuing despite any responses, women are more likely to be infected at younger ages than men, and more of them are being infected than ever before. This report stresses that HIV programs in the Pacific Islands do not adequately incorporate gender relations...


A Review of Socio-economic Empowerment Initiatives for Women Living with HIV in Asia

This report sets out the results of a review of socio-economic empowerment initiatives for women living with HIV in the Asia region with a view to identify lessons learned and generate recommendations for the socio-economic support for the estimated 1.7 million women in the region who are living with HIV. Loss of livelihood makes women highly...


Country Briefs on HIV and Key Affected Women and Girls in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

The briefs are intended as a resource for policymakers in Member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as well as planners, programme managers, health professionals, service providers, civil society organizations, including key population networks, women’s rights organizations, and others who are advocating for the needs and...


Needs and Rights of Key Affected Women and Girls in HIV Programmes: Report

This is a summary report of findings from an online consultation held in the lead up to the 10th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (10th ICAAP). This issue-focused and time-limited online consultation was facilitated on the issue: key affected women and girls, on SEA-AIDS by the Asia Pacific Alliance for Sexual and Reproductive...


Gender Impact of HIV and AIDS in India

The study on the Socio-Economic Impact of HIV and AIDS was conducted in the six high prevalence states of India. The study was aimed to assess the impact of HIV and AIDS on households and make projections at the macro and sectoral level. This report displays the adverse impact of HIV and AIDS on women and female children and highlights the heavy...


CEDAW Advocacy Training Module for Positive Women

Persistent gender inequalities and human rights violations continue to drive the HIV epidemic in the ASEAN region. Women living with HIV in Asia face certain issues specific to them. HIV exacerbates poverty and women living with HIV are more likely than men living with HIV to be widowed, raise their children alone, and less likely to have...


Study of knowledge, perception and attitude of adolescent girls towards STIs/HIV, safer sex and sex education: (A cross sectional survey of urban adolescent school girls in South Delhi, India)

This research article describes an evaluation of adolescent school girls' knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards STIs/HIV and safer sex practice and sex education and explores their current sexual behaviour in India.


Impact of Round-the-Clock, Rapid Oral Fluid HIV Testing of Women in Labor in Rural India

Testing pregnant women in labor for HIV and counseling them is a challenge, particularly where resources are limited. This article describes a research study on the feasibility and impact of introducing round-the-clock, rapid HIV testing and counseling in a busy labor ward in a rural teaching hospital in Sevagram, India. Article can be accessed...


Using Rights-Based Processes Towards Building Gender-Sensitive Responses for Women Living with HIV/AIDS: The UNIFEM South Asia Partnership with the Positive Women Network, India and Centre for Advocacy and Research in India

This report describes the partnership between UNIFEM South Asia, the Positive Women Network and Centre for Advocacy and Research in enabling the building of a rights-based gender sensitive response to HIV/AIDS.