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Global progress report on HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infections, 2021

The Global progress report on HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infections assesses the World Health Organization’s three ongoing Global Health Sector Strategies on HIV, Viral Hepatitis and STIs, noting progress and gaps and identifying actions to improve impact. The report highlights how the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the deep...


Addressing stigma and discrimination in the COVID-19 response — Applying the evidence of what works from HIV-related stigma and discrimination in six settings to the COVID-19 response

UNAIDS issued a new guidance on how to reduce stigma and discrimination in the context of COVID-19. The guidance is based on the latest evidence on what works to reduce HIV-related stigma and discrimination and applies it to COVID-19. Addressing stigma and discrimination in the COVID-19 response provides countries with rights-based guidance across...


Making the HIV Response Work for Women Through Film

Many women and girls worldwide continue to face rejection, prejudice, economic insecurity, rights violations and violence from partners, family members, communities and institutions as a harsh consequence of HIV-related stigma and discrimination and persistent gender inequalities. Using a feature film ‘Pili’ about a woman living with HIV in rural...


Preferred HIV Testing Modalities Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Kenya

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“They haven’t asked me. I haven’t told them either”: fertility plan discussions between women living with HIV and healthcare providers in western Ethiopia

Despite the importance of women living with HIV (WLHIV) engaging in fertility plan discussions with their healthcare providers (HCPs), little research exists. This study explored perceptions surrounding fertility plan discussions between WLHIV and their HCPs in western Ethiopia, from the perspectives of both women and providers


Lessons from the evaluation of the South African National Female Condom Programme

Data highlight the role of providers as gatekeepers to female condom access in public and non-public sectors and provide support for further female condom programme expansion in South Africa and globally.


Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Prisons: A Technical Guide

This technical guide is intended to support countries in their efforts to increase their capacity to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV in prison, and achieve the ultimate goal of ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030, “leaving no one behind”.


Inequalities in women’s empowerment and prevalence of HIV in India

A combative relationship has been established between women’s empowerment and their risk of HIV/AIDS. The results have been consistently showing the variations of inequality in women’s empowerment across different states, consequently affecting the risk of HIV/AIDS. Ensuring sexual-rights of women should be the best strategy.


UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Pandemic 2020

UNAIDS report on the global AIDS pandemic 2020  shows that w omen and girls in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be the most affected and accounted for 59% of all new HIV infections in the region in 2019, with 4500 adolescent girls and young women between 15 and 24 years old becoming infected with HIV every week. Young women accounted for 24% of new...


Depression and Psychosocial Stress Are Associated With Subclinical Carotid Atherosclerosis Among Women Living With HIV

Psychosocial factors were independent atherosclerotic risk factors among Women Living With HIV (WLWH). Research is needed to determine whether interventions for depression and psychosocial stress can mitigate the increased risk of atherosclerosis for WLWH.


Six concrete measures to support women and girls in all their diversity in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

COVID-19 is not only a health issue, just as HIV never was. It impacts on a wide range of human rights, and although it affects all people, it does so unequally. Women and girls in all their diversity are experiencing the greatest impact of the crisis. COVID-19 has highlighted the stark inequalities across societies, with a lack of pandemic...


Actions for improved clinical and prevention services and choices: Preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among women and girls using contraceptive services in contexts with high HIV incidence

The new joint policy brief by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS sets out the steps needed to improve and integrate HIV prevention and contraceptive services in order to reduce new HIV infections among women. This brief has been developed in response to the ECHO study which found extremely high HIV incidence rates among women...


Empowerment and HIV Risk Behaviors in Couples: Modeling the Theory of Gender and Power in an African Context

Findings provide evidence that high levels of women's empowerment were associated with safer sex practices, although this varied by country. Policymakers should incorporate empowerment indicators to address women's empowerment and HIV prevention within African couples.


HIV vulnerability among adolescent girls and young women: a multi-country latent class analysis approach

The analysis demonstrated that adolescent girls and young women with the higher vulnerability profiles, including the impact of unequal gender norms, have increased odds of negative health outcomes and experiences. The analysis calls upon tailoring community-based HIV prevention efforts by deferentially targeting/tailoring interventions and health...


UNDP Discussion Paper - Making the Law Work for Women and Girls in the Context of HIV

UNDP has worked with governments, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS (UNAIDS) Secretariat, UNAIDS co-sponsors and civil society in 89 countries to advance the recommendations of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law and to promote enabling legal, policy and regulatory environments for rights-based HIV responses, including for women...