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Key Barriers to Women's Access to HIV Treatment: Making 'Fast-Track' a Reality

This report shares the findings from a multi-stage review of the access women have to anti-retroviral therapy (ART). This review is critical in understanding key barriers women face when accessing HIV treatment and ways to address them in order for women to receive the care they need. 


The US DREAMS Partnership Breaking Barriers to HIV Prevention

The Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) reports on the implementation of the new PEPFAR DREAMS Partnership, which aims to reduce the number of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa disproportionately affected by HIV. This report contains program insights from South Africa and Kenya, specifically around HIV...


Agenda for Accelerated Country Action for Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV

This Operational Plan for the UNAIDS Action Framework was developed to respond to address gender inequalities that put women and girls at a greater risk of HIV. Recommendations on how to integrate the needs of women and girls are included in this document.


Sexual Violence: Weapon of War, Impediment to Peace

This Forced Migration Review compilation focuses on the issue of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict settings. It provides appalling data on the magnitude of sexual violence occurring in various conflict areas, and the increased vulnerabilities women and girls face due to sexual violence. Although the connection between sexual violence,...


Guidelines for Integrating HIV and Gender-Related Issues into Environmental Assessment in Eastern and Southern Africa

In Africa, sustainable growth occurs through infrastructure development while protecting the environment and health, particularly HIV risks for women and girls. This guideline provides key responsibilities of stakeholders in the environmental assessment process to integrate HIV and gender as a key issue in sustainable development of eastern and...


A Woman and Girl-Centered Approach to Health and Gender Equity

This webpage explains how PEPFAR integrates gender equitable practices throughout all of their activities and partners with countries to do the same. They do so through influencing policy chance, raising awareness of harmful gender norms, supporting data collection, responding to gender-based violence, and partnering with other organizations...


Turning Gender and HIV Commitments into Action for Results: An Updated on the United Nations Interagency Activities on Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV

This brief is an update on the United Nations’ “Universal Access for Women and Now!” (UA NOW!) Initiative. UA Now! was developed to better understand key barriers and gaps in delivering access to care for women and girls. It involves participation of groups of women living with HIV, women’s groups, civil society organizations, government, academic...


Gender Responsive Budgeting and Women's Reproductive Rights: A Resource Pack

The Gender Responsive Budgeting Resource Pack provides knowledge to facilitate gender-responsive approaches into reproductive health and other national policies to support gender equality. There are briefs on various issues in this resource pack, including an introduction to gender responsive budgeting and how it links to key reproductive health...


Review Paper: Integrating Gender into HIV/AIDS Programmes

In this review, the two main topics discussed are the impact of gender on the HIV/AIDS epidemic and how to integrate gender into HIV/AIDS programs and policies. In the first section, there are detailed descriptions of sociocultural factors that define femininity and masculinity, economic factors that subordinate women, and additional...


Gender Inequality and HIV transmission: A Global Analysis

The HIV epidemic disproportionately impacts young women due to socio-economic inequalities, violence, racism, sexism, and constraints on women’s agency. This article uses data from UNAIDS’ 2010 Global Report to understand the relationship between mode of HIV transmission and gender inequality. It also looked into relationships between HIV...


Gender Matters: Overcoming Gender-Related Barriers to Prevent New HIV Infections Among Children and Keep their Mothers Alive

This report discusses the need for women, particularly pregnant women, and children living with HIV to be receive adequate medical care and for there to be increased HIV prevention services for women in high-burden countries. In this paper, there is a strong focus on gender barriers women face in preventing or treating HIV such as: stigma against...


Tanzania Works: Advocacy Recommendations for Stronger Gender-Responsive Workplace HIV and AIDS Policies

This brief shares EngenderHealth’s learnings from the Champion Project, which looked at workplace HIV efforts in Tanzania and identified gaps. Gender-responsive workplace HIV policies are strongly recommended as a way to raise awareness, prevent infection, challenge gender norms, and provide workplace-based education around HIV. 


Securing Women’s Land and Property Rights: A Critical Step to Address HIV, Violence, and Food Security

This report looks into the relationship between women’s property rights in the context of HIV/AIDS, violence against women, and food security. It discusses the unequal power relations that often occur in land ownership, as many cultures perpetuate gender inequality by not allowing women to own land as a mechanism to become autonomous. It discusses...


Male Engagement in the HIV Response: A Platform for Action

This paper calls men and adolescent boys to action to advance gender equality and sexual and reproductive rights without practicing harmful gender norms. It also addressed the need to reach more men and boys for HIV prevention, testing and counseling, and care services. 


Women and HIV

This page provides an important overview of why adolescent girls and young women are at a much higher risk of HIV than men in many regions. It addresses issues from eco-systemic levels, such as violence, lack of access to health care and education, and lack of legal recognition. It also provides recent statistics and examples about women and HIV. 


A Cluster Randomized-Controlled Trial of a Community Mobilization Intervention to Change Gender Norms and Reduce HIV Risk in Rural South Africa: Study Design and Intervention

This paper describes the design and presents baseline survey findings of a randomized control trial. The trial was a community mobilization intervention in rural Mpumalanga, South Africa and aimed to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk. 


Gender, Violence, and HIV/AIDS in Post-Conflict West Africa: Issues and Responses

This paper discusses the gender and sexual dimensions of two civil wars, in Liberia and Sierra Leone. It examines the linkages between conflict, violence against women, and risk of exposure to HIV. It uses gendered analysis to also look at post-conflict transitions in Africa.    This article can be accessed on-line here .


Global Fund Gender Equality Strategy

The Global Fund is a financing institution which supports countries to incorporate gender dimensions of HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria into their strategic plans, policies, and programs. The Gender Equality Strategy report explores how the Global Fund can continue to support gender equality and strengthening of responses to women and girls....


Strategic Actions for Gender Equality

This resource provides several diagrams explaining what the Global Fund’s Strategic Actions are and how they will be used to invest in adolescent girls and young women along with gender and age-related disparities found in HIV, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. 


HIV and AIDS: A Toolkit for Action

Gender equality is one of the main drivers of new HIV infections worldwide. In order to half the epidemic, it is necessary to address unequal power dynamics between men and women, which often increases risks of HIV. This report talks about how men can work towards gender equality by making positive behavioral changes towards communication, peer...