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Safety and Efficacy of a Dapivirine Vaginal Ring for HIV Prevention in Women

This article evaluates the safety and efficacy of a vaginal ring containing dapivirine for the prevention of HIV infection in nearly 2,000 women of reproductive age from South Africa and Uganda. The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and it found that the dapivirine ring was not associated with any safety concerns and...


Preventing HIV among Women — A Step Forward, but Much Farther to Go

This editorial discusses new HIV prevention methods for women and how they have fared in clinical trials, including major challenges in prevention of HIV infection of women. Dr. Adimora stresses the importance of diverse HIV intervention methods that adopt to women in different life stages and their needs.


Intimate Partner Violence Experienced by HIV-infected Pregnant Women in South Africa: A Cross-sectional Study

This article explores the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among HIV-infected pregnant women in South Africa. It found that 21% of women reported experiencing one or more type of IPV in the last twelve months, and 48% of them reported experiencing two or more types of violence. Reported IPV was higher among married women, and women who...


The Promise of the Ring for Women's HIV Prevention

A new, monthly vaginal ring developed by the International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) is the first long-acting vaginal ring to prevent HIV. This ring slowly release a anti-retroviral drug, dapivirine, over the course of one month to reduce the risk of HIV in Women. A video was created to describe the ring and IPM's plan to ensure women at...


Immigrant Women & HIV: Briefing Paper

This policy brief explores the health of immigrant women in the United States living with HIV or vulnerable to acquiring HIV. It identifies research priorities and policy recommendations to better address immigrant women's needs and improve prevention and treatment efforts for them.


How Are Gender Equality and Human Rights Interventions Included in Sexual and Reproductive Health Programmes and Policies: A Systematic Review of Existing Research Foci and Gaps

Many international and regional agreements have acknowledged the importance of promoting gender equality and human rights in Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Programmes. This review used over 56 articles to identify research gaps in addressing the larger priority of integrating gender equality and human rights approaches into SRH programmes and...


A Tool for Strengthening Gender-sensitive National HIV and SRH Monitoring and Evaluation Systems

This tool, developed by WHO, is designed especially for monitoring and evaluation specialists working on HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) programs. It provides step-by-step guidance on how to ask questions about gender inequalities in relation to health; select gender-sensitive indicators; conduct gender analysis; and strengthen...


HIV Prevention among Adolescent Girls and Young Women

The purpose of this report is to guide policymakers, planners, implementers of HIV prevention programs to understand the risk of HIV for adolescent girls and young women, learn how to create and deliver effective responses, and address policy and structural changes in order to create ways to break unequal gender norms and make positive changes...


Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP): Health and Life Skills Curriculum

Many adolescents and young women in Zambia are faced with economic and social barriers, lack of access to health care, and gender-based violence which increase their risk for unwanted pregnancy, HIV, and school drop outs. The AGEP curriculum was developed to teach girls to build strong support networks, increase knowledge around reproductive health...


Key Barriers to Women's Access to HIV Treatment: Making 'Fast-Track' a Reality

This report shares the findings from a multi-stage review of the access women have to anti-retroviral therapy (ART). This review is critical in understanding key barriers women face when accessing HIV treatment and ways to address them in order for women to receive the care they need. 


The US DREAMS Partnership Breaking Barriers to HIV Prevention

The Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) reports on the implementation of the new PEPFAR DREAMS Partnership, which aims to reduce the number of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa disproportionately affected by HIV. This report contains program insights from South Africa and Kenya, specifically around HIV...


Agenda for Accelerated Country Action for Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV

This Operational Plan for the UNAIDS Action Framework was developed to respond to address gender inequalities that put women and girls at a greater risk of HIV. Recommendations on how to integrate the needs of women and girls are included in this document.


Sexual Violence: Weapon of War, Impediment to Peace

This Forced Migration Review compilation focuses on the issue of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict settings. It provides appalling data on the magnitude of sexual violence occurring in various conflict areas, and the increased vulnerabilities women and girls face due to sexual violence. Although the connection between sexual violence,...


Guidelines for Integrating HIV and Gender-Related Issues into Environmental Assessment in Eastern and Southern Africa

In Africa, sustainable growth occurs through infrastructure development while protecting the environment and health, particularly HIV risks for women and girls. This guideline provides key responsibilities of stakeholders in the environmental assessment process to integrate HIV and gender as a key issue in sustainable development of eastern and...


A Woman and Girl-Centered Approach to Health and Gender Equity

This webpage explains how PEPFAR integrates gender equitable practices throughout all of their activities and partners with countries to do the same. They do so through influencing policy chance, raising awareness of harmful gender norms, supporting data collection, responding to gender-based violence, and partnering with other organizations...


Turning Gender and HIV Commitments into Action for Results: An Updated on the United Nations Interagency Activities on Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV

This brief is an update on the United Nations’ “Universal Access for Women and Now!” (UA NOW!) Initiative. UA Now! was developed to better understand key barriers and gaps in delivering access to care for women and girls. It involves participation of groups of women living with HIV, women’s groups, civil society organizations, government, academic...


Gender Responsive Budgeting and Women's Reproductive Rights: A Resource Pack

The Gender Responsive Budgeting Resource Pack provides knowledge to facilitate gender-responsive approaches into reproductive health and other national policies to support gender equality. There are briefs on various issues in this resource pack, including an introduction to gender responsive budgeting and how it links to key reproductive health...


Review Paper: Integrating Gender into HIV/AIDS Programmes

In this review, the two main topics discussed are the impact of gender on the HIV/AIDS epidemic and how to integrate gender into HIV/AIDS programs and policies. In the first section, there are detailed descriptions of sociocultural factors that define femininity and masculinity, economic factors that subordinate women, and additional...


Gender Inequality and HIV transmission: A Global Analysis

The HIV epidemic disproportionately impacts young women due to socio-economic inequalities, violence, racism, sexism, and constraints on women’s agency. This article uses data from UNAIDS’ 2010 Global Report to understand the relationship between mode of HIV transmission and gender inequality. It also looked into relationships between HIV...


Gender Matters: Overcoming Gender-Related Barriers to Prevent New HIV Infections Among Children and Keep their Mothers Alive

This report discusses the need for women, particularly pregnant women, and children living with HIV to be receive adequate medical care and for there to be increased HIV prevention services for women in high-burden countries. In this paper, there is a strong focus on gender barriers women face in preventing or treating HIV such as: stigma against...