Key Barriers to Women's Access to HIV Treatment: A Global Review

Publish Year
UN Women
Author Name
AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition (AVAC), ATHENA Network and Salamander Trust

In collaboration with UN Women, the ATHENA Network, AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition (AVAC) and Salamander Trust have undertaken a multistage review of the global status of women’s access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). This global review takes place during a turning point in the HIV epidemic where increasing focus is placed on strategic investments in health. This review is informed by a gender-responsive and human rights-based framework to explore the micro, meso and macro level factors that impact women’s experiences of treatment availability and their decision-making processes around its uptake. Findings presented in this report address the interplay of structural factors that affect women’s overall access to health and resources. The analysis encompasses factors including – but not limited to – poverty, economic security, decision-making, stigma and discrimination. Approaching the construct of treatment access from a gender-responsive and human rights-based approach yields valuable insights into the availability, affordability, acceptability and quality of components. This knowledge is critical to the development of effective, women-owned and women-led care, treatment and support programmes.