Search

Found 590

Structural determinants of gender inequality: why they matter for adolescent girls’ sexual and reproductive health

In sub-Saharan Africa, four out five new HIV infections among 15-19 year olds are in girls according to UNAIDS 2019 estimates. Surveys during 2011- 16 showed that more than half of rural women aged 15–24 in sub-Saharan Africa had been pregnant before their 18th birthday, and as recently as 2016, 40% of young women in sub-Saharan Africa and 30% in...


Evaluating DREAMS HIV prevention interventions targeting adolescent girls and young women in high HIV prevalence districts in South Africa: protocol for a cross-sectional study

Young women in sub-Saharan Africa remain at the epicentre of the HIV epidemic, with surveillance data indicating persistent high levels of HIV incidence. In South Africa, adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) account for a quarter of all new HIV infections. Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored and Safe (DREAMS) is a strategy...


Communities at the Centre Defending Rights Breaking Barriers Reaching People with HIV Services, Global AIDS Update 2019

Communities of people living with HIV across the world refused to accept the slow pace of progress against HIV. Local peer support groups grew into national and international activist movements, demanding their right to the highest attainable standard of health, and to be treated with dignity and respect.


Technical Brief HIV and Human Rights and Gender Equality

The purpose of this Technical Brief is to assist Global Fund applicants in their efforts to include and expand concrete and effective programs to remove human rights-related barriers to HIV prevention, diagnosis and treatment services. This brief discusses the barriers to access and uptake of HIV services that these programs help to remove, the...


Fighting HIV in Young Women Through Economic Empowerment

Voices from the Field features contributions from scholars and practitioners highlighting new research, thinking, and approaches to development challenges.


Gendered relationship between HIV stigma and HIV testing among men and women in Mozambique: a cross-sectional study to inform a stigma reduction and male-targeted HIV testing intervention

Increasing and sustaining engagement in HIV care for people living with HIV are critical to both individual therapeutic benefit and epidemic control. Men are less likely to test for HIV compared with women in sub-Saharan African countries, and ultimately have delayed entry to HIV care. Stigma is known to impede such engagement, placing an...


For the HIV epidemic to end so must gender inequality

According to the Equal Measures 2030 report, Harnessing the power of data for gender equality, no country has yet achieved full gender equality. The Lancet Series on Gender Equality, Norms, and Health shows that this inequality impacts heavily on global health outcomes, laying out the role of gender norms in perpetuating inequities, and HIV is no...


Programming Guide: Promoting Gender Equality in Sexual, Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health

The guide serves as an important resource to complement and build on existing guidance and tools to strengthen gender equality efforts to improve health outcomes for women, children and adolescents.


Data Brief: HIV Prevention with Adolescent Girls and Young Women

In sub-Saharan Africa, adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) account for 74% of new HIV infections among people aged 15-24. This is roughly 360,000 AGYW a year – about 1,000 AGYW per day. AGYW experience converging social, cultural, economic, and political factors that undermine their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), which makes...


UNAIDS Gender Assessment Tool — Towards a gender-transformative HIV response

The gender assessment tool for national HIV responses (GAT) is intended to assist countries in assessing the HIV epidemic, context and response from a gender perspective and in making the responses gender transformative, equitable and rights based.


Dreaming of an AIDS-Free Future

Despite substantial declines in the number of new HIV infections globally, the HIV/AIDS epidemic among females ages 15-24 in select countries remains uncontrolled, with 67 percent of new infections in young people in sub-Saharan Africa occurring in adolescent girls and young women, or an estimated 280,000 new infections annually. HIV prevalence...


Young Women Lead, Evidence, Advocate, Research, Network (LEARN): What Does PrEP Mean for Young Women?

Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are disproportionately affected by HIV, and can face barriers to access, uptake and use of HIV prevention methods. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a new, effective, individually-controlled HIV prevention tool that could benefit some AGYW. This study used qualitative, participatory, peer-led methods to...


Tackling HIV by Empowering Adolescent Girls and Young Women

Despite a recent fall in new infections, South Africa still has the largest HIV epidemic in the world and has not achieved the 50% reduction envisaged in its national strategic plan for 2012-16. Adolescent girls and young women are disproportionately affected by HIV, with prevalence among 20-24 year olds three times higher in women (16%) than in...


Stemming HIV in Adolescents Gender and Modes of Transmission

This Comment uses data provided by Avenir Health from country-produced Spectrum files to better understand the mode of transmission for older adolescents.


HIV and Cervical Cancer

Epidemics of HIV and HPV are inherently interconnected, and when they meet in the context of weak health systems, their effects serve to amplify each other. Gender inequality, intimate partner violence, inequitable laws and harmful traditional practices reinforce power dynamics between men and women and set up a challenging environment for...


What Women Want: Demands for Quality Healthcare for Women and Girls

The What Women Want campaign is reaching out to 1 million women and girls worldwide on their top priority for quality maternal, reproductive and sexual health care.


Advancing global health and strengthening the HIV response in the era of the Sustainable Development Goals

The Commission explores key domains in global health with relevance to HIV and proposes ways forward for invigorated and sustainable global health effort, including meeting the needs of women in the HIV response.


How empowered are girls/young women in their sexual relationships? Relationship power, HIV risk, and partner violence in Kenya

This analysis uses survey data from the DREAMS programme to understand the relationship power dynamics adolescent girls and young women face in relation to select health outcomes including HIV risk and exposure to intimate partner violence.


Time to realise our sexual and reproductive health and rights

This Comment was written by women living with HIV previously involved in a global values and preferences survey on the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) priorities of women living with HIV in response to the Lancet Global Health's article on "Investing in sexual and reproductive health and rights to reach HIV and universal health...


Investing in sexual and reproductive health and rights of women and girls to reach HIV and UHC goals

Huge gaps in access to basic sexual and reproductive health services, pose serious challenges to achieving universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030. These gaps in access are heightened by reduced financing for international development and highlight the importance and urgency of strengthening linkages between HIV and sexual and reproductive health...