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How empowered are girls/young women in their sexual relationships? Relationship power, HIV risk, and partner violence in Kenya

This analysis uses survey data from the DREAMS programme to understand the relationship power dynamics adolescent girls and young women face in relation to select health outcomes including HIV risk and exposure to intimate partner violence.


Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free

Ending the AIDS epidemic among children, adolescents and young women requires ambitious targets and a Super-Fast-Track approach. Building on the successes of the Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive, UNAIDS, the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief...


International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education: An Evidence-Informed Approach

This updated guidance promotes health and well-being, respect for human rights and gender equality and the empowerment of children and young people to lead healthy, safe and productive lives.


As the HIV Epidemic among Young Women Grows, Can We Look to the SDGs to Reverse the Trend?

To end the growing HIV epidemic among young women, human rights violations must be addressed. The Sustainable Development Goals have the potential to help, but only if political barriers are overcome and a rights-based approach is integrated.


Status of HIV Epidemic Control Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women Aged 15–24 Years — Seven African Countries, 2015–2017

In this report, analysis of data from seven countries in Eastern and Southern Africa found that only 46% of young women living with HIV were aware of their status and of those on anti-retroviral treatment, 45% had reached viral suppression.


Global Accelerated Action for the Health of Adolescents (AA-HA!): Guidance to Support Country Implementation

Adolescents are one sixth of the world's population and account for 6% of the world's global burden of disease and injury. Over 3,000 adolescents die every day from largely preventable causes. In 2015, the top causes of adolescent girls' included HIV/AIDS and maternal conditions. This guidance assists governments to support country implementation...


The Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Very Young Adolescents Aged 10–14 in Developing Countries: What Does the Evidence Show?

This report draws on analyses of national survey data and literature review results to provide an overview of the evidence on key aspects of sexual and reproductive health among very young adolescents aged 10–14 living in developing regions. Analyses showed that while most young adolescents report never having experienced sexual intercourse, some...


Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and HIV Programming Among Young People Most Affected by HIV: Lessons From the Link Up Project in Five Countries

An unmet need for sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and HIV services is substantial in developing countries, particularly among older adolescent girls and young women. This editorial describes the key lessons from the Link Up project, aimed to improve the SRHR of young people most affected by HIV in five countries of Africa (Burundi,...


#WhatWomenWant: A Transformative Framework for Women, Girls and Gender Equality in the Context of HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

This report brings attention to achieving gender equality in the context of women, girls, and the HIV response. This six-month consultation in 2016 with adolescent women and young girls found that #WhatWomenWant is: collaboration and joint action by all to invest in women's HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR), to be leaders and...


HIV Prevention among Adolescent Girls and Young Women

The purpose of this report is to guide policymakers, planners, implementers of HIV prevention programs to understand the risk of HIV for adolescent girls and young women, learn how to create and deliver effective responses, and address policy and structural changes in order to create ways to break unequal gender norms and make positive changes...


Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP): Health and Life Skills Curriculum

Many adolescents and young women in Zambia are faced with economic and social barriers, lack of access to health care, and gender-based violence which increase their risk for unwanted pregnancy, HIV, and school drop outs. The AGEP curriculum was developed to teach girls to build strong support networks, increase knowledge around reproductive health...


The US DREAMS Partnership Breaking Barriers to HIV Prevention

The Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) reports on the implementation of the new PEPFAR DREAMS Partnership, which aims to reduce the number of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa disproportionately affected by HIV. This report contains program insights from South Africa and Kenya, specifically around HIV...


Poverty, Gender, and Youth: First Generation of Gender and HIV Programs: Seeking Clarity and Synergy

As the recognition towards the disproportionate female-to-male infection ratio is being recognized, more programs around gender and HIV are being developed. However, this paper argues that many of these programs do not have specific target audiences, content, or evaluation plans. This paper reviews 63 well-known HIV and Gender programs and...


Ensuring Education Benefits Girls to the Full: Synergies between Education, Gender Equality, HIV, and Sexual and Reproductive Health

This paper discusses the links between education, gender equality, HIV prevention, and sexual and reproductive health. It acknowledges that these connections are widely recognized and utilized in public health programming, but that there is also a need for more combined efforts to design programs to ensure these links better reinforce one another...


Building the Assets to Thrive: Addressing the HIV-related Vulnerabilities of Adolescent Girls in Ethiopia

Although the HIV epidemic in Ethiopia has declined tremendously, the most vulnerable populations of young people still affected are adolescent girls and young women, specifically, married girls living in urban slums. This report focuses on three programs in Ethiopia that engage girls and aim to reduce their risk of infection through mentorship,...


Addressing Adolescent Girls' Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: Lessons from the Meri Life Meri Choice Project

The Meri Life, Meri Choice project was developed to reduce HIV vulnerabilities of rural adolescent girls and young women in India. This was done through providing socially disadvantaged, out-of-school girls with knowledge around sexual and reproductive health, increasing their utilization of sexual health services, creating a supportive environment...


What HIV Programs Work for Adolescent Girls?

This review analyzed 150 studies of HIV programming for adolescent girls from 2001-2013. The objective was to use these evaluations to make suggestions around creating enabling environments for girls, increasing information and service needs, and providing social support. Areas with little evidence-based programming are also discussed, as well as...


Building Evidence to Guide PrEP Introduction for Adolescent Girls and Young Women

This guidebook aims to inform health policy makers and program planners on how to establish PrEP as an effective prevention method for adolescent girls and young women. This includes addressing the delivery platforms, marketing, regulations, demand, and use of PreP for this population.


Adolescent Girls and Young Women: Key Populations for HIV Epidemic Control

In Southern Africa, adolescent girls and young women (ages 15-24) make up a disproportionate number of new HIV infections compared to their male peers. In order to become AIDS-free, it is critical to prevent new infections in this key population. This study explores biological and social vulnerabilities young women face in relation to HIV,...


Girls' Education and HIV Prevention

This brief highlights why it is important for girls to stay in school, and how poor educational status is highly correlated with HIV infection. A range of interventions to address this issue are given, as well as key questions to consider when advocating for girls' rights to education.