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Providing Oral PrEP Video Series: Lessons from the Field

Oral PrEP will reach women who need it if PrEP programs are well-supported and prepared. A collaboration between LVCT Health in Kenya and AVAC, through the USAID-funded OPTIONS Consortium, this video series shows how LVCT Health made changes at the site level and helped women interested in oral PrEP overcome recurring barriers to uptake and...


Cash Transfers for HIV Prevention: What do Young Women Spend It On?

This study aimed to document spending patterns of young African women receiving cash transfers as part of HIV prevention efforts.


Hope, Progress and the Power of Prevention

The International Partnership for Microbicides' 2016 Annual Report highlights the dapivirine ring and other milestones to add new tools to women's HIV prevention options.


Safety and Efficacy of a Dapivirine Vaginal Ring for HIV Prevention in Women

This article evaluates the safety and efficacy of a vaginal ring containing dapivirine for the prevention of HIV infection in nearly 2,000 women of reproductive age from South Africa and Uganda. The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and it found that the dapivirine ring was not associated with any safety concerns and...


Preventing HIV among Women — A Step Forward, but Much Farther to Go

This editorial discusses new HIV prevention methods for women and how they have fared in clinical trials, including major challenges in prevention of HIV infection of women. Dr. Adimora stresses the importance of diverse HIV intervention methods that adopt to women in different life stages and their needs.


The Promise of the Ring for Women's HIV Prevention

A new, monthly vaginal ring developed by the International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) is the first long-acting vaginal ring to prevent HIV. This ring slowly release a anti-retroviral drug, dapivirine, over the course of one month to reduce the risk of HIV in Women. A video was created to describe the ring and IPM's plan to ensure women at...


Gender Inequality and HIV transmission: A Global Analysis

The HIV epidemic disproportionately impacts young women due to socio-economic inequalities, violence, racism, sexism, and constraints on women’s agency. This article uses data from UNAIDS’ 2010 Global Report to understand the relationship between mode of HIV transmission and gender inequality. It also looked into relationships between HIV...


A Cluster Randomized-Controlled Trial of a Community Mobilization Intervention to Change Gender Norms and Reduce HIV Risk in Rural South Africa: Study Design and Intervention

This paper describes the design and presents baseline survey findings of a randomized control trial. The trial was a community mobilization intervention in rural Mpumalanga, South Africa and aimed to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk. 


HIV Prevention Toolkit: A Gender-Responsive Approach

This toolkit is designed to inform HIV prevention programs for women and adolescent girls in the United States.  It mainstreams gender as a component throughout the toolkit, and focuses on promoting greater understandings of how gender norms, roles, and inequalities affect HIV risk-related behaviors. It promotes safer sex and accessing prevention...


Effect of a Cash Transfer Programme for Schooling on Prevalence of HIV and Herpes Simplex Type 2 in Malawi: A Cluster Randomized Trial

The Lancet Structural factors such as poor education, poverty, and gender and power inequalities are important determinants of young women's vulnerability to HIV infection. In The Lancet, Sarah Baird and colleagues report the results of a randomised controlled trial done with adolescent girls in rural Malawi, examining the effects of a cash...


What Does Family Planning Have to do with HIV? Everything.

This publication provides a brief overview of why it is important to consider voluntary family planning as a component for HIV prevention and treatment. It outlines the beneficial health outcomes of integrated HIV/AIDS and family planning services, as well as how these services can also promote women’s rights. This piece concludes with an...


HIV Prevention Gains Momentum Success in Female Condom Programming

This report examines a number of success stories in the fight against HIV. Examples come from countries such as Zimbabwe, Myanmar, Nigeria and the Caribbean region. The report stresses the importance of comprehensive male and female condom programming. This could be achieved through developing strategies and programmes through which every sexually...


Female Condoms and U.S. Foreign Assistance: An Unfinished Imperative for Women’s Health

Female Condoms and U.S. Foreign Assistance: An Unfinished Imperative for Women's Health, summarizes U.S. support for female condoms, identifies barriers, and offers concrete recommendations for improving U.S. efforts to increase access and availability of female condoms.


The Role of Religious Communities in Addressing Gender-based Violence and HIV

Religious leaders are key stakeholders in responding to health and social issues and can play an influential role in validating and promoting best practices for preventing and reducing gender-based violence (GBV) and related vulnerability to HIV in their community. This report summarizes the USAID Health Policy Initiative project titled The Role of...


Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS

This publication provides a literature review of linkages between sexual and reproductive health and HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in achieving the Millennium Development Goals in order to gain a clearer understanding of the effectiveness, optimal circumstances, and best practices for strengthening these links. Finding highlight the...


What Works for Women and Girls: Evidence for HIV/AIDS Intervention

This publication compiles and summarizes evidence to support successful interventions in HIV programming for women and girls. This is a comprehensive review, spanning 2,000 articles and reports with data from more than 90 countries, that highlights a number of interventions for which there is substantial evidence of success: from prevention,...


Failing Women, Withholding Protection: 15 Lost Years in Making the Female Condom Accessible

This briefing paper is about powerful institutions' neglect of duty by not providing leadership on female condoms, and failing to meet women's needs and demands for them with a consistent and proportionate effort to make them accessible and affordable. It concerns the ignorance, denial, and bias of the powerful, at the expense of the rights of...


Community-based Approaches to Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Findings from a Low-income Community in Kenya

This Horizons report describes the evaluation of an intervention study in Kibera, an urban slum in Nairobi, to determine what effect three different community-based activities had on utilization of key prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services. The interventions included moving services closer to the population via mobile clinics,...


Continuum of Care for HIV-positive Women Accessing PPCT Programs: Findings from India

This Horizons report describes a diagnostic study in 2005 to provide an evidence base to strengthen the national PPTCT initiative. The initiative that emphasizes treatment for HIV-positive women and their children was launched in 2004 by the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) using funds from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and...


The female condom: a powerful tool for protection

This report is one output from the Global Consultation on the Female Condom (GCFC) to discuss the status of the female condom worldwide and to develop a plan of action to build support for the method. The report answers key questions about the female condom and builds on the momentum created at the GCFC by presenting evidence of the female condom's...