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How Did SASA! Reduce Violence Against Women?

This study aimed to better understand how couples involvement with SASA!, a violence against women and HIV-related community mobilisation intervention, influenced processes of change in relationships. Qualitative data were collected from each partner in separate interviews. Findings suggested that SASA! engagement contributed to degrees of change...


Is Violence Against Women Preventable?: Findings from the SASA! Study Summarized for General Audiences

The SASA! intervention used a comprehensive approach to address intimate partner violence and HIV prevention. This report shares its impacts by comparing two groups - communities that received SASA! programming and those that did not.


Intimate Partner Violence Experienced by HIV-infected Pregnant Women in South Africa: A Cross-sectional Study

This article explores the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among HIV-infected pregnant women in South Africa. It found that 21% of women reported experiencing one or more type of IPV in the last twelve months, and 48% of them reported experiencing two or more types of violence. Reported IPV was higher among married women, and women who...


Global and Regional Estimates of Violence against Women: Prevalence and Health Effects of Intimate Partner Violence and Non-partner Sexual Violence

The report presents the first global systematic review of scientific data on the prevalence of two forms of violence against women: violence by an intimate partner (intimate partner violence) and sexual violence by someone other than a partner (non-partner sexual violence). It shows, for the first time, global and regional estimates of the...


Violence Against Women and HIV Risk Behaviors in Kampala, Uganda: Baseline Findings from the SASA! Study

This article presents baseline data from the SASA! (this is the Swahili for 'now') Study, a cluster randomized trial of a community-mobilization intervention to prevent violence against women and HIV/AIDS in Kampala, Uganda. Findings confirm the importance of integrated strategies for intimate partner violence and HIV prevention.


Findings Report: Analysis of Services to Address Gender-based Violence in Three Countries

This Report is based on the findings from case studies conducted by AIDSTAR-One in three countries where gender-based violence (GBV) services were available: Swaziland, Vietnam, and Ecuador. These case studies were developed to help program managers design, plan, and implement strategies to integrate GBV within existing HIV, family planning, and...


Gender-based violence and HIV: Emerging Lessons from the PEPFAR Initiative in Tanzania

This paper examines how the GBV initiative is being introduced in Tanzania, one of the GBV focus countries, based on interviews in Tanzania in April 2012 with U.S. government officials, nongovernmental organizations, and implementing partners, as well as interviews in Washington, D.C. It describes the importance of this initiative for the work of...


Integrating Strategies to Address Gender-based Violence and Engage Men and Boys to Advance Gender Equality through National Strategic Plans on HIV and AIDS: Case Studies Documenting Country Action

These case studies from seven countries (Belize, Ecuador, Moldova, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tajikistan and Thailand) highlight strategies for addressing gender-based violence as a cause and consequence of HIV, and engaging men and boys as agents of positive change to halt gender-based violence and promote gender equality and human rights. They highlight...


Unite with Women - Unite against Violence and HIV

This advocacy brief provides key messages to inspire actions that respond to the needs and rights of women. The brief is divided into five chapters: first, identifying violence against women as a human rights violation; second, setting forth the link between violence against women and increased risk of HIV infection; third, highlighting that women...


Effective Approaches To Addressing The Intersection Of Violence Against Women And HIV/AIDS: Findings From Programmes Supported By The UN Trust Fund To End Violence Against Women

The twin pandemics of violence against women (VAW) and HIV/AIDS are each rooted in gender discrimination, women’s subordination, disregard for women’s human rights, and the power imbalances between women and men that exist in societies all over the world. Violence against women and HIV/AIDS are also inextricably intertwined and mutually reinforcing...


Integrating Strategies to Address Gender-Based Violence and Engage Men and Boys to Advance Gender Equality through National Strategic Plans on HIV and AIDS

This resource was produced for the participants of a  workshop held in November 2011 in Istanbul, organised by UNFPA, UNDP, UN Women, UNAIDS, and WHO, with Sonke Gender Justice Network, Men Engage, and the ATHENA Network.  This  contains a number of resources produced by many organisations working on gender-based violence, involvement of men and...


The Prevention and Management of HIV and Sexual Gender-based Violence: Responding to the Needs of Survivors and Those-At-Risk

This publication provides a framework for understanding how to implement a human rights based approach to prevent and manage HIV and sexual gender-based violence. The publication discusses the double-burden of SGBV and HIV, provides examples of comprehensive programmes on SGBV and HIV prevention, the challenges of using an integrated approach, and...


Addressing Violence against Women and HIV/AIDS: What Works?

This report summarizes the presentations, discussions and recommendations from a working group of expert researchers, policy-makers and practitioners on the intersection of VAW and HIV. This report includes policy and practice recommendations on national strategy panning, post-rape care, sex work, monitoring and evaluation, as well case studies...


Violence Against Women Living with HIV/AIDS: A Background Paper

The subject of violence against women living with HIV has been gaining currency within the international  agenda on HIV, gender and development; however, to date it has received only limited attention in  research, the policymaking process and specific interventions. In November 2010, Development  Connections, the International Community of Women...


Together We Must! End Violence Against Women and Girls and HIV&AIDS

This publication represents an initial effort to draw attention to the knowledge, institutional capacity, and resources needed to comprehensively address the intersection between HIV and AIDS and Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG). It profiles ten organizations that are working on innovative strategies to address the intersection between...


A Manual for Integrating the Programmes and Services of HIV and Violence Against Women

This manual provides a conceptual framework and practical tools for government agencies, NGOs and inter-institutional networks to develop integrated HIV and Violence against Women (VAW) programmes and services that are context-specific. It includes frameworks and various tools for stakeholders to use.


Scaling up Work to Address Violence against Women and Children and its Intersections with HIV

This issue paper from the Seventh Meeting of the UNAIDS Reference Group on HIV and Human Rights defines the intersection of HIV and violence against women, discusses partnerships, UNAIDS objectives, and next steps.


Addressing Gender-Based Violence: A Critical Review of Interventions

This article highlights the progress in building a knowledge base on effective ways to increase access to justice for women who have experienced gender-based violence, offer quality services to survivors, and reduce levels of gender-based violence. While recognizing the limited number of high-quality studies on program effectiveness, this review of...


A Comprehensive Programme Addressing HIV/AIDS and Gender Based Violence

This article describes the findings of a survey of women in Welkom, South Africa, to evaluate the impact of a service provision programme targeting women living with HIV/AIDS and gender based violence.


The Multiple Faces of the Intersections between HIV and Violence Against Women

This compilation of articles aspires to advance the inter-sectoral dialogue on the integration of policies, programs and projects on HIV and Violence against Women (VAW) at the local, national, and regional levels. Section I presents three articles, addressing different aspects of the conceptual framework of the intersections between HIV and...