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HIV Risk and Barriers to Care for African-born Immigrant Women

The primary objective of this study was to gain an insight into the strategies that will limit the spread of HIV infection and enhance HIV care among African-born immigrants....


Gender and Sexuality: Emerging Perspectives from the Heterosexual Epidemic in South Africa and Implications for HIV Risk and Prevention

This paper argues that sexual, and male violent, practices are rooted in and flow from cultural ideals of gender identities. The latter enables us to understand why men and women behave as they do, and the emotional and material context within which sexual behaviours are enacted. In South Africa, while gender identities show diversity, the dominant...


Sexuality and the Limits of Agency among South African Teenage Women: Theorizing Femininities and their Connections to HIV Risk Practices

In South Africa, gender inequalities give men considerable relational power over young women, particularly in circumstances of poverty and where sex is materially rewarded. In this paper, the authors use qualitative interviews and ethnographic observation among 16 young women from the rural Eastern Cape to explore ways young women construct their...


When Masculinity Interferes with Women's Treatment of HIV Infection: A Qualitative Study About Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Zimbabwe

Social constructions of masculinity have been shown to serve as an obstacle to men's access and adherence to antiretroviral therapies (ART). In the light of women's relative lack of power in many aspects of interpersonal relationships with men in many African settings, our objective is to explore how male denial of HIV/AIDS impacts on their female...


Approaches to Gender and Sexuality: Responding to HIV

Gender and sexuality – and their related norms and practices – have long been recognised as key factors affecting the dynamics of HIV and the global response to it. This survey report, published by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, maps current work and assesses the capacity, challenges and aspirations around gender and sexuality programming....


Re-Sexualising the Epidemic: Desire, Risk and HIV Prevention

Even in the 'era of treatment' successful HIV prevention remains an enormous challenge. This article argues that there is a need to pay more attention to sex and desire in the design of HIV prevention programmes. The paper highlights how perceived "dirty" issues, such as sex between men and anal intercourse between men and women, are often...


The Vulnerability and Invisibility of Women Before HIV/AIDS

This paper presents some thoughts on the problems endured by women facing HIV/AIDS. A case is made for the way in which gender structure and relations facilitate the vulnerability of women to this disease. Emphasis is made on the main obstacles faced by women, as well as on their lack of empowerment to cope effectively with their problems. Some...


Annotated Bibliography: Sexuality and Human Rights

This bibliography provides summaries of 28 key materials on sexuality and human rights, and a list of further references. These references are organized under themes including sexual rights and HIV/AIDS. Others are: gender and bodily integrity; lesbian, gay bisexual and transgender rights; refugees and asylum seekers; sexual rights and religion;...


Gender, Sexuality, and HIV/AIDS: The What, the Why, and the How

This document is a transcript of the plenary address given by Geeta Rao Gupta at the XIII International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, in 2000. In accordance with the title, Geeta Rao Gupta focuses on the what, why and how of gender, sexuality and HIV/AIDS. Emphasis is placed on exploring gender-sensitive and transformative approaches to...


Power in Sexual Relationships: An Opening Dialogue among Reproductive Health Professionals

This document is a product of the meeting on power in sexual relationships, convened in Washington, DC, l-2 March 200l, and was a joint effort of the Population Council's New York and DC offices and the USAID Interagency Gender Working Group's Men and Reproductive Health Sub-committee. Eight previously conducted field-based interventions have...