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Beyond the Pap Smear: Gender-responsive HIV Care for Women

This resource explains how gender-based disparities in HIV prevention and care should be addressed by gender-responsive policies and programs. It uses a socio-ecological approach to understand existing gender differences in HIV risk and how to create effective health care measures to prevent women from infection. 


UNAIDS Cosponsor 2015: UN Women - United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women

This brief tells us about UN Women and how they collaborate with UNAIDS in order to ensure that there are policies and practices to reduce the vulnerability of women and girls to HIV and address unequal power relations between men and women. 


Gender Equality Action Plan

This 2014-16 Action Plan to engage in Gender Equality Strategy focuses on high-impact, gender responsive investments to prevent new infections and treat existing ones. The plan includes their objective-wise, logical framework to ensure all activities of the Global Fund integrate gender equitable partnerships, policies, and practices. 


Sex, Rights, and the Law in a World with AIDS

This paper results from a meeting held by several organizations to explore more effective long-term responses to end AIDS, particularly from a gender-transformative and human rights-based approach. It provides frameworks and recommendations to encourage gender-equitable laws and practices such as decriminalizing HIV status and sex work, increasing...


Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV: Guidance for Health Managers, Health Workers, and Activists

This report provides general recommendations to health workers and activists on how to create a fostering environment of women and girls living with HIV; how to strengthen the health system by making more comprehensive sexuality programs available; how to ensure meaningful participation of women and girls living with HIV in policy; and how to...


Focus on Gender Equality

The Global Fund’s commitment to addressing gender inequality in their HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria responses are highlighted in this 2-page brief.


Integrating Gender and Rights into Sexuality Education: Field Reports on using It’s All One

This journal article uses the It’s All One curriculum by Population Council as an example for how critical it is for programs to incorporate gender norms and human rights into their approach. Field experiences from the curriculum are shared and suggestions that an empowerment and human rights approach is most effective in teaching young people...


Gender Inequality and HIV

This webpage provides a comprehensive understanding of how gender inequalities are linked to increased HIV vulnerabilities. It discusses many different aspects of inequality in relation to HIV, including violence, social norms, education, legislation, poverty and more. It also provides information on what global-level commitments exist to combat...


Implementing Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS Interventions: A Compendium of Programs in Africa

This report brings together many expert organizations in the fields of gender and HIV to explain how gender roles strongly influence the spread of HIV and how important it is to use multi-level approaches to create effective programs. To give examples of existing programs that do so, a collation of 31 HIV programs were described, all having gender...


The Case for Addressing Gender and Power in Sexuality and HIV Education: A Comprehensive Review of Evaluation Studies

Many curriculum-based responses to sexuality and HIV educations have been developed as a response to prevent HIV, STI’s, an unintended pregnancy among young people. Haberland evaluates 22 interventions to assess their success in relation to whether or not they incorporated gender and power dynamics within their curriculum.  


Essential Actions on Gender and AIDS

This pamphlet outlines steps for national-level stakeholders to expand action on gender equality to strengthen the AIDS response. It provides six, distinct recommendations on how to do so for various stakeholders such as National AIDS Authorities, Civil Society, Donor Communities, and the UN System.


Gender and HIV in the Pacific Islands Region: A Literature Review of Evidence with Recommendations

The trends of HIV transmission in the Pacific Islands reveal that transmission is steadily continuing despite any responses, women are more likely to be infected at younger ages than men, and more of them are being infected than ever before. This report stresses that HIV programs in the Pacific Islands do not adequately incorporate gender relations...


Sexual and Reproductive Health for HIV-Positive Women and Adolescent Girls

Sexual and reproductive health services for HIV-positive women and adolescent girls are limited, often due to low priority of services and discrimination against people living with HIV. This manual illustrates links between HIV, sexual and reproductive health, and gender inequalities faced by HIV-positive women and their families.


Assets and Property Rights, HIV and AIDS

One aspect of reducing women’s vulnerability to HIV is to ensure their property and inheritance rights. This is often difficult as there are many preconceived social norms, which restrict women from owning land. In this paper, ICRW suggests ways in which women’s rights to property can be encouraged and secured.


Women’s Property Rights as an AIDS Response: Emerging Efforts in South Asia

The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) conducted research to understand efforts to promote women’s property rights in response to HIV. This paper includes input from UNDP regarding pathways to ensure property rights for women as a measure of security towards the impact of HIV/AIDS.


Women and HIV/AIDS: Confronting the Crisis

This report serves as a call for action to address gender inequality, poverty, and HIV/AIDS among women. It highlights the efforts of UNAIDS to create programs that mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS for women and girls worldwide. This report contains detailed responses on how to confront HIV in respect to prevention, treatment, education, women’s...


Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV

In this report, research was conducted in Brazil, Ethiopia, and Ukraine with policy influencers, women and girls living with HIV, and male partners of women living with HIV to explore issues of sexual and reproductive health needs of individuals, family planning, maternal care, and more. Findings revealed that many challenges women and girls living...


Conflict and Gender: The Implications of he Burundian Conflict on HIV/AIDS Risks

This paper uses research conducted in Burundi from 2007-08 to look at post-conflict effects from the civil war which began in the 1990’s. The analysis finds that the relationship between conflict and HIV is a function of existing gender norms that becomes amplified during periods of armed conflict. 


HIV Prevention Toolkit: A Gender-Responsive Approach

This toolkit is designed to inform HIV prevention programs for women and adolescent girls in the United States.  It mainstreams gender as a component throughout the toolkit, and focuses on promoting greater understandings of how gender norms, roles, and inequalities affect HIV risk-related behaviors. It promotes safer sex and accessing prevention...


Keeping the Promise: An Agenda for Action on Women and AIDS

This report recognizes gender inequality as one of the principle drivers of HIV and critiques current responses as not adequately addressing eco-systemic factors that increase woman and girls’ vulnerabilities to HIV. It provides suggestions to secure women’s rights, invest more funds in HIV programs for women, and involve more women in government. ...