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Gender Responsive Budgeting and Women's Reproductive Rights: A Resource Pack

The Gender Responsive Budgeting Resource Pack provides knowledge to facilitate gender-responsive approaches into reproductive health and other national policies to support gender equality. There are briefs on various issues in this resource pack, including an introduction to gender responsive budgeting and how it links to key reproductive health...


Gender Inequality and HIV transmission: A Global Analysis

The HIV epidemic disproportionately impacts young women due to socio-economic inequalities, violence, racism, sexism, and constraints on women’s agency. This article uses data from UNAIDS’ 2010 Global Report to understand the relationship between mode of HIV transmission and gender inequality. It also looked into relationships between HIV...


Review Paper: Integrating Gender into HIV/AIDS Programmes

In this review, the two main topics discussed are the impact of gender on the HIV/AIDS epidemic and how to integrate gender into HIV/AIDS programs and policies. In the first section, there are detailed descriptions of sociocultural factors that define femininity and masculinity, economic factors that subordinate women, and additional...


Gender Matters: Overcoming Gender-Related Barriers to Prevent New HIV Infections Among Children and Keep their Mothers Alive

This report discusses the need for women, particularly pregnant women, and children living with HIV to be receive adequate medical care and for there to be increased HIV prevention services for women in high-burden countries. In this paper, there is a strong focus on gender barriers women face in preventing or treating HIV such as: stigma against...


Tanzania Works: Advocacy Recommendations for Stronger Gender-Responsive Workplace HIV and AIDS Policies

This brief shares EngenderHealth’s learnings from the Champion Project, which looked at workplace HIV efforts in Tanzania and identified gaps. Gender-responsive workplace HIV policies are strongly recommended as a way to raise awareness, prevent infection, challenge gender norms, and provide workplace-based education around HIV. 


Securing Women’s Land and Property Rights: A Critical Step to Address HIV, Violence, and Food Security

This report looks into the relationship between women’s property rights in the context of HIV/AIDS, violence against women, and food security. It discusses the unequal power relations that often occur in land ownership, as many cultures perpetuate gender inequality by not allowing women to own land as a mechanism to become autonomous. It discusses...


Male Engagement in the HIV Response: A Platform for Action

This paper calls men and adolescent boys to action to advance gender equality and sexual and reproductive rights without practicing harmful gender norms. It also addressed the need to reach more men and boys for HIV prevention, testing and counseling, and care services. 


Women and HIV

This page provides an important overview of why adolescent girls and young women are at a much higher risk of HIV than men in many regions. It addresses issues from eco-systemic levels, such as violence, lack of access to health care and education, and lack of legal recognition. It also provides recent statistics and examples about women and HIV. 


A Cluster Randomized-Controlled Trial of a Community Mobilization Intervention to Change Gender Norms and Reduce HIV Risk in Rural South Africa: Study Design and Intervention

This paper describes the design and presents baseline survey findings of a randomized control trial. The trial was a community mobilization intervention in rural Mpumalanga, South Africa and aimed to change gender norms and reduce HIV risk. 


Gender, Violence, and HIV/AIDS in Post-Conflict West Africa: Issues and Responses

This paper discusses the gender and sexual dimensions of two civil wars, in Liberia and Sierra Leone. It examines the linkages between conflict, violence against women, and risk of exposure to HIV. It uses gendered analysis to also look at post-conflict transitions in Africa.    This article can be accessed on-line here .


Global Fund Gender Equality Strategy

The Global Fund is a financing institution which supports countries to incorporate gender dimensions of HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria into their strategic plans, policies, and programs. The Gender Equality Strategy report explores how the Global Fund can continue to support gender equality and strengthening of responses to women and girls....


HIV and AIDS: A Toolkit for Action

Gender equality is one of the main drivers of new HIV infections worldwide. In order to half the epidemic, it is necessary to address unequal power dynamics between men and women, which often increases risks of HIV. This report talks about how men can work towards gender equality by making positive behavioral changes towards communication, peer...


HIV/AIDS, Security and Conflict: Making the Connections

The 2010 Forced Migration Review is a compilation of various topics addressing the linkages between HIV and conflict. Articles which look into the gendered aspects of HIV and conflict are:  ‘Gendered Violence and HIV in Burundi’ (pg. 18), ‘Understanding Sexual Violence, HIV/AIDS, and Conflict’ (pg. 22), and ‘Addressing HIV and Sex Work’ (pg. 25)....


Strategic Actions for Gender Equality

This resource provides several diagrams explaining what the Global Fund’s Strategic Actions are and how they will be used to invest in adolescent girls and young women along with gender and age-related disparities found in HIV, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. 


Engaging Men and Boys in Gender Equality and Health

This toolkit provides practical information on engaging men and boys to promote gender equality and health. It discusses sexual and reproductive health, maternal health, HIV prevention, violence prevention, and more. It provides examples of effective programs for men and boys as well as monitoring and evaluation guidance. 


Beyond the Pap Smear: Gender-responsive HIV Care for Women

This resource explains how gender-based disparities in HIV prevention and care should be addressed by gender-responsive policies and programs. It uses a socio-ecological approach to understand existing gender differences in HIV risk and how to create effective health care measures to prevent women from infection. 


UNAIDS Cosponsor 2015: UN Women - United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women

This brief tells us about UN Women and how they collaborate with UNAIDS in order to ensure that there are policies and practices to reduce the vulnerability of women and girls to HIV and address unequal power relations between men and women. 


Sex, Rights, and the Law in a World with AIDS

This paper results from a meeting held by several organizations to explore more effective long-term responses to end AIDS, particularly from a gender-transformative and human rights-based approach. It provides frameworks and recommendations to encourage gender-equitable laws and practices such as decriminalizing HIV status and sex work, increasing...


Gender Equality Action Plan

This 2014-16 Action Plan to engage in Gender Equality Strategy focuses on high-impact, gender responsive investments to prevent new infections and treat existing ones. The plan includes their objective-wise, logical framework to ensure all activities of the Global Fund integrate gender equitable partnerships, policies, and practices. 


Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV: Guidance for Health Managers, Health Workers, and Activists

This report provides general recommendations to health workers and activists on how to create a fostering environment of women and girls living with HIV; how to strengthen the health system by making more comprehensive sexuality programs available; how to ensure meaningful participation of women and girls living with HIV in policy; and how to...