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A Tool for Strengthening Gender-sensitive National HIV and SRH Monitoring and Evaluation Systems

This tool, developed by WHO, is designed especially for monitoring and evaluation specialists working on HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) programs. It provides step-by-step guidance on how to ask questions about gender inequalities in relation to health; select gender-sensitive indicators; conduct gender analysis; and strengthen...


HIV Prevention among Adolescent Girls and Young Women

The purpose of this report is to guide policymakers, planners, implementers of HIV prevention programs to understand the risk of HIV for adolescent girls and young women, learn how to create and deliver effective responses, and address policy and structural changes in order to create ways to break unequal gender norms and make positive changes...


Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP): Health and Life Skills Curriculum

Many adolescents and young women in Zambia are faced with economic and social barriers, lack of access to health care, and gender-based violence which increase their risk for unwanted pregnancy, HIV, and school drop outs. The AGEP curriculum was developed to teach girls to build strong support networks, increase knowledge around reproductive health...


Key Barriers to Women's Access to HIV Treatment: Making 'Fast-Track' a Reality

This report shares the findings from a multi-stage review of the access women have to anti-retroviral therapy (ART). This review is critical in understanding key barriers women face when accessing HIV treatment and ways to address them in order for women to receive the care they need. 


The US DREAMS Partnership Breaking Barriers to HIV Prevention

The Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE) reports on the implementation of the new PEPFAR DREAMS Partnership, which aims to reduce the number of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa disproportionately affected by HIV. This report contains program insights from South Africa and Kenya, specifically around HIV...


Essential Actions on Gender and AIDS

This pamphlet outlines steps for national-level stakeholders to expand action on gender equality to strengthen the AIDS response. It provides six, distinct recommendations on how to do so for various stakeholders such as National AIDS Authorities, Civil Society, Donor Communities, and the UN System.


Sexual and Reproductive Health for HIV-Positive Women and Adolescent Girls

Sexual and reproductive health services for HIV-positive women and adolescent girls are limited, often due to low priority of services and discrimination against people living with HIV. This manual illustrates links between HIV, sexual and reproductive health, and gender inequalities faced by HIV-positive women and their families.


Assets and Property Rights, HIV and AIDS

One aspect of reducing women’s vulnerability to HIV is to ensure their property and inheritance rights. This is often difficult as there are many preconceived social norms, which restrict women from owning land. In this paper, ICRW suggests ways in which women’s rights to property can be encouraged and secured.


Women and HIV/AIDS: Confronting the Crisis

This report serves as a call for action to address gender inequality, poverty, and HIV/AIDS among women. It highlights the efforts of UNAIDS to create programs that mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS for women and girls worldwide. This report contains detailed responses on how to confront HIV in respect to prevention, treatment, education, women’s...


Women’s Property Rights as an AIDS Response: Emerging Efforts in South Asia

The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) conducted research to understand efforts to promote women’s property rights in response to HIV. This paper includes input from UNDP regarding pathways to ensure property rights for women as a measure of security towards the impact of HIV/AIDS.


Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV

In this report, research was conducted in Brazil, Ethiopia, and Ukraine with policy influencers, women and girls living with HIV, and male partners of women living with HIV to explore issues of sexual and reproductive health needs of individuals, family planning, maternal care, and more. Findings revealed that many challenges women and girls living...


Conflict and Gender: The Implications of he Burundian Conflict on HIV/AIDS Risks

This paper uses research conducted in Burundi from 2007-08 to look at post-conflict effects from the civil war which began in the 1990’s. The analysis finds that the relationship between conflict and HIV is a function of existing gender norms that becomes amplified during periods of armed conflict. 


HIV Prevention Toolkit: A Gender-Responsive Approach

This toolkit is designed to inform HIV prevention programs for women and adolescent girls in the United States.  It mainstreams gender as a component throughout the toolkit, and focuses on promoting greater understandings of how gender norms, roles, and inequalities affect HIV risk-related behaviors. It promotes safer sex and accessing prevention...


Keeping the Promise: An Agenda for Action on Women and AIDS

This report recognizes gender inequality as one of the principle drivers of HIV and critiques current responses as not adequately addressing eco-systemic factors that increase woman and girls’ vulnerabilities to HIV. It provides suggestions to secure women’s rights, invest more funds in HIV programs for women, and involve more women in government. ...


Women's Property Rights, HIV and AIDS, and Domestic Violence

To understand the role of women’s property rights in mitigating the effects of HIV and violence, ICRW conducted research in South Africa and Uganda. They used qualitative research to explore linkages between women’s experience with land ownership, HIV, and domestic violence. This paper shares the findings from both studies, comparing similarities...


Agenda for Accelerated Country Action for Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV

This Operational Plan for the UNAIDS Action Framework was developed to respond to address gender inequalities that put women and girls at a greater risk of HIV. Recommendations on how to integrate the needs of women and girls are included in this document.


Sexual Violence: Weapon of War, Impediment to Peace

This Forced Migration Review compilation focuses on the issue of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict settings. It provides appalling data on the magnitude of sexual violence occurring in various conflict areas, and the increased vulnerabilities women and girls face due to sexual violence. Although the connection between sexual violence,...


Guidelines for Integrating HIV and Gender-Related Issues into Environmental Assessment in Eastern and Southern Africa

In Africa, sustainable growth occurs through infrastructure development while protecting the environment and health, particularly HIV risks for women and girls. This guideline provides key responsibilities of stakeholders in the environmental assessment process to integrate HIV and gender as a key issue in sustainable development of eastern and...


A Woman and Girl-Centered Approach to Health and Gender Equity

This webpage explains how PEPFAR integrates gender equitable practices throughout all of their activities and partners with countries to do the same. They do so through influencing policy chance, raising awareness of harmful gender norms, supporting data collection, responding to gender-based violence, and partnering with other organizations...


Turning Gender and HIV Commitments into Action for Results: An Updated on the United Nations Interagency Activities on Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV

This brief is an update on the United Nations’ “Universal Access for Women and Now!” (UA NOW!) Initiative. UA Now! was developed to better understand key barriers and gaps in delivering access to care for women and girls. It involves participation of groups of women living with HIV, women’s groups, civil society organizations, government, academic...